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THE family history of the Gordons of Knockespock is an 
interesting one, inasmuch as the lands giving them their 
designation have been held by lairds of the same family name 
continuously since they were acquired by William Gordon, who 
was in Knockespock in 1535, down to the present day. 

But these lairds have not all been of one branch of the 
Gordon name. The earliest were sprung from Alexander 
Gordon of Essie, a son of Jock of Scurdargue ; then followed 
for a short time one that I take to have been descended from 
James Gordon of Blelack, a son of Alexander Gordon of 
Tillyminate, and elder brother of the first laird of Lesmoir, 
but the wife of this laird of Knockespock appears to have been 
the daughter of a previous laird of the old family. 

Not many years later another laird, the first of perhaps a 
third line of Gordons, is found, or rather, as it seems to me, 
the lands were acquired by a cadet of the first family, who had 
recently become, or became, laird of Glenbucket, and was 
father of the famous and valiant old soldier "John Gordon of 
Glenbucket." This line failed to retain Knockespock long, and 
very early in the 18th century this property was sold to a 
descendant of Gordon of Terpersie, a cadet of Lesmoir. From 
him the present laird is come. 

To trace the succession and descent through fifteen lairds 
has been no easy matter, but the result may interest those who 
care to follow the history of landed property and its successive 

D. W. 

Inverness. 1903. 

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Knockespock (Cnoc Easbuig), Bishop's hill, or 
Lurgandespock (Luirgean d'Easbuig), Bishop's 
shank or ridge, is situate in the Correen Hills, 
Aberdeenshire. There can be no doubt that 
from very early times lands under the latter 
name were church lands belonging to the See 
of Aberdeen. 

A dispute took place between Adam, Bishop 
of Aberdeen, and John of Forbes as 'to these 
lands in 1387 (Ant. Aberdeen and Banff, II., 
400, and IV., 378-380). It would seem that they 
were then a part of Terpersey, then called 
Tirepressy (Ant. A. and B., V. 537) ; whereas, 
what is now known as Terpersey or Terpersie 
is in the parish of Tullynessle on the southern 
slope of the Oorreen Hills, but the present lands 
of Knockespock proper are and have been from 
time immemorial in the parish of Clatt, and on 
the northern slope of the same range. 

A summary of the proceedings taken in con- 
nection with the above dispute is given under 
heading of the parish of Tullynessle in Ant. 
Aberdeen and Banff, IV., 537, which is as follows : 
— " A portion of the land of Tirepressy called 
Lurgandespok was in dispute between the Bishop 
of Aberdeen and the Knight of Forbes about 
the year 1390." It was, however, rather earlier 
than this that it commenced, for in Vol. II., 
400, of the same book we find: — "In the year 
1387, John Keth, Lord of Inverugy, appears as 
one of the arbiters in the dispute regarding the 
lands of Lurgyndaspokis (Knockespock) between 
Adam, Bishop of Aberdeen, and John of Forbes, 
lord of that ilk." — (Reg. Episcop. Aberdon., 
I., 176). 

The summary mentioned continues: — "On 
behalf of the Bishop it was urged that the land 
that Forbes deams [as] his of Tirepressy is called 
Lurgandaspok, that is to say, the Bishop's leg, 
the whilk name was nocht likly it suld haf war 
it nocht the Bishop's." 

"Item Tiiepressy is and ay has been tua 
dauach of land in the Bishop's rentale, and to 
the King's wering, and war that land fra it 
that Forbes clemys, that is to say Lurgandaspok, 
the lave war nocht a dauach and a half, quherfor 
his clemeis is nocht like to be richtwise." 

Full details respecting the marches are given 
in Ant. A. and B., IV., 378, in a note, which 
is of sufficient interest to be given at length: — 

"On 6th April 1391, King Robert III., by a 
letter under quarter seal, made Sir John 
Gordoun, Knight, his justiciary within the shire 
for perambulating the marches between the 
lands of Tirepressy and Tulyangous, belonging 
to Gilbert, Bishop of Aberdeen, and the lands 
of Forbes, belonging to John of Forbes (Reg. 
Episc. Aberd., L, 187). The dispute was settled 
on 5 July 1591 by a mutual agreement that 
the land of Lurgyndaspok between the burns of 
Condiland and Cocburne from head to foot, and 
the lands of Tulycoschcny should be common 
between the Bishop and the Knight of Forbes 
during their lives : that the woods also should 
be in common, so that either might give his 
own proper men leave to cut and hew timber : 
that each should have his own proper forester : 
that the fines of the Bishop's men cutting timber 
without the Bishop's leave should belong to the 
Bishop : that the fines of the men of the Knight 
of Forbes cutting timber without his leave 
should belong to him : and that the fines of 
strangers should be equally divided between the 
Bishop and the Knight in whose soever's Court 
they should be convicted." — (Reg. Episc. Aberd., 
I., 188-9.) 

At page 379 of Vol. IV Ant. A. and B., we 
find — "Reasons are given in for information of 
those perambulating the boundaries between the 
lands of the Bishop of Aberdeen and the Lord 
of Forbes." 

"The 1st is that 'the land that Forbes claims 
as his of Tirepressy is called Lurgandaspok, i.e., 
the Bishop's leg. the whilk name war nocht likly 
it suld haf, war it nocht the Bishopis.' " 

" Reference is made to Forbes' charter which 
contains marches betwixt his land of Forbes. 

and the Bishop's land of Tulynestyn, which are 
set forth." 

"'Tirepressy is and ay has been tua dauach 
of land in the Bishop's rental and to the King's 
wering, and war that land fra it, that Forbes 
clemys, that is to say Lurgyndaspok, the lave 
war nocht a dauach and a half, quharefor his 
clemis is nocht like to be richtwise.' " 

"'That Forbes' father would have claimed it, 
had he known of any such right.' " 

Other reasons are then given, based upon 
various known marches. Then follows: — 

" 'The land of Lurgandaspok has been always 
in the Bishop's possession and the Kirk of 
Aberdene, Sanct Margaret and Sanct Machare 
has been sesit tharof ever sin the Kings foundit 
the Kirk of Abirden and gaf that land tharto. 
and never was distrublit bot now.' " 

"'Item the mere b&twix Forbes and the 
Bischope upon the side of Clat schire is the burn 
of Canny as it entris the Bolgy, and sua gangand 
up to its heid, and this is contenyt al in Forbes' 
charter.' " 

'''Item Sir Jone Broun, Knycht, held whilom 
the landis of Tirepressy of the Bishope and the 
Kirk of Aberdene, and that time he had his 
schep cotis and schepherdis housis upon the 
lands of Lurgandaspok as portenances of the 
lands of Tirepressy.' " — (Reg. Episo. Aberd. I., 

It seems a fair inference from the above that 
there were two properties in the Correen Hills, 
Church lands belonging to the Bishop of Aber- 
deen about 1390, viz., Tirepressy and Tillyangus, 
and that Lurgyndaspok, the situation of which 
is described, was a part of Tirepressy, or perti- 
nents thereof, as mentioned in the time of Ser 
Jone Broun, holding of the Bishop. The march 
between Forbes and the Bishope upon the side 
of Clattshire is said to have been the burn of 
Canny as it enters the Bolgy : this burn, I 
presume, must be the one that runs past Drum- 
innor, and that its confluence with the Bogie 
(Inbhir) gave its name to the ridge on which 
the old castle of the Forbeses was built. 

The boundaries between the parishes of Tully- 
nessle and Clatt may have been altered during 
the 15th century: by 1511 Knockespock proper 
was in the latter parish. 

The yearly rental is given for that year in 
Ant. A. and B., IV., 486-7, from Reg. Episo. 
Aberd., I., 360-364. It runs; — 

" The yearly rental of the shire of Clat, con- 
taining 27 plough-gates, amounted to £91 10s. 
4d. for fermes, 43s. and 4d. for bondages, 17 
bolls of meal, 8 bolls of malt, 24 bolls of oats, 
one pig, 7£ marts, 24 sheep, 8 kids, 12 dozen of 
capons, 15£ dozen house fowls. 8 dozen moor 
fowls, and 2 stones of cheese. The grassums 
amounted to £79 6s. 8d." 

"The Kirktown, extending to 4 plough-gates, 
was leased to 8 tenants. In the burgh there 
were 4 burgage tenements, each of the sowing 
of 2 bolls of barley. Nether Knockaspock con- 
tained 3 plough-gates ; Tulyangouse, 2 ; Newton 
or Newbigging, 2 ; Tulyauch, 1 ; Tolly (or Towie), 
4 ; Upper Knockespock, 2 ; Auchmanye, 2 ; 
Auchlyne, 4 ; Olovatht, 2 ; and the Hauch of 
Bogy (or Blairindinny), 1." 

A large proportion of the above is now in- 
cluded in the estate of Knockespock, and to 
explain the reference to burgage tenements, it 
may be mentioned that Bishop Elphinstone, the 
great benefactor of the Northern Counties of 
Scotland during his Episcopate of 31 years (1483- 
1514), had in 1501 obtained the erection of the 
town of Clatt into a burgh of barony. The 
summary of the charter is as follows: — "The 
King [James IV.] for his singular favour to- 
wards William, Bishop of Aberdeen, and also 
for the entertainment [hospitio] of his lieges 
journeying in the northern parts of the King- 
dom, infeft and erected the town of Clatt per- 
taining to the said Bishop into a free burgh of 
barony in perpetuity. He granted also to the 
inhabitants the power of buying and selling, also 
that they should be burgesses ; and the Bishop 
of Aberdeen should have the power of electing 
bailies : further, that they should have a cross 
and a market on Tuesday in each week, and 
publio sales or fairs yearly on St Moluch's Day. 
and through 8 days of the same. Granted at 
Edinburgh, 16 June 1501."— (R.M.S., II., No. 

William Gordoun, Bishop of Aberdeen did 
much to develop the Church lands of the 
Diocese by granting long leases and feu 
charters, whatever the motives may have been 
that induced him to do so. 

A charter by him with consent of the Dean 
and Chapter of Aberdeen was granted in 1556, 
by which "he demised in feu ferme to Mr John 
Eraser, his servitor and relative, and to Marjorie 
Gordoun, his spouse, the lands of Towie, in the 
shire of Clatt, &c— At Aberdeen, 4 Feb. 1556." 

Another charter was " granted by him. with 


consent as above to Alexander Fraser, natural 
and lawful son of Mr John Fraser, burgess of 
Aberdeen, his heirs, &c., of the town and lands 
of Towie in the parish of Olatt, Sheriffdom of 
Aberdeen : which the said John resigned in 
favour of the said Alexander, the free tenement 
being reserved to himself and the said Marjorie, 
to be held of the Bishop in feu ferme." — Red- 
dendo, &c, &c. 

In both ca^es, " the office of bailie to the 
Bishop of Aberdeen was reserved to George, 
Earl of Huntlie, Lord Gordon and Badyenoch, 
with precept of sasine directed to Alexander 
Gordon of Knockaspec. — At Aberdeen, 16 March 
1559." Both these charters were confirmed at 
Holyrood House, 29 April 1582 or 1585. There 
seems to be a doubt as to the year. See foot- 
note where the the charter is given. (R.M.S., 
IV., No. 815.) 

Meantime, in 1585, we find mention of William 
Gordoun, designed " in Knockespock," the first 
of the old family of Gordons of Knockespock, 
and father of the Alexander Gordoun of Knock- 
aspec mentioned in the above precept of sasine, 
dated 1559. 

This is the earliest mention I have found of 
a Gordoun of Knockespock in the Register of 
the Great Seal. 

It may be noted that the same Bishop granted 
a " Charter, dated 12 July 1556, of the adjoin- 
ing lands of Terpersie, with others, viz., 
Warakstoun and Bogyshallach in the Sheriffdom 
of Aberdeen to William Gordoun, son of James 
Gordoun, first laird of Lesmoir, and to 
Margaret Ogilvy, his spouse, which was con- 
firmed at Stirling, 18 August 1585." (R.M.S., 
V., No. 877.) The lands of Knockespock have 
been held by Gordons since 1535. 

As the stronghold of the Forbeses was on an 
eminence projecting into Strathbogie, it was 
no doubt politic to extend the borders of the 
Gordons towards Alford and the Don above 
Alford on the flanks of the Forbes country. 

The various and frequent troubles that arose 
in Scotland, often in connection with either 
changes of religion or of modes of Church 
government, between the latter part of the 16th 
century and the end of the 17th — a period when 
toleration of the weaker party for the time 
being was almost unknown — were among the 
chief causes that led to a frequent displacement 
of old families, and their place as landowners 
being taken by others. In Aberdeenshire it 
happened in several cases from about the middle 


of the 16th century that the family losing lands 
and the one that came in for them in their stead 
were both Gordons, and thus not a very few 
properties have been held continuously or nearly 
so by lairds of that name, but who did not 
succeed as heirs through blood relationship, but 
acquired the same either through forfeitures, or 
wadsets, or purchase. 

Between 1560 and 1660, many old Roman 
Catholic families had a very hard time of it, 
notably the Gordons of Gicht, being excom- 
municated, prosecuted, fined, and banished " for 
religion." Many lost their estates or only re- 
tained a very small portion. Again, during the 
long struggles between Episcopacy (or " Pre- 
lacy,'" as it was called), and Presbyterianism 
(or "Presbytery"), many northern lairds, espe- 
cially in Aberdeenshire, who had become Pro- 
testants, were zealous for Episcopacy, and readily 
took up arms for the Crown : they contributed 
lavishly out of their means, and often beyond 
their means, raising, equipping, and maintaining 
troops in the King's service, and many of them 
before, some after the Restoration, found their 
estates so encumbered with wadsets, and their 
debts so heavy, that their lands were apprised 
or valued from them to their creditors, or else 
their heirs found that they must sell them to 
pay off encumbrances, while not a few were 
forfeited both in the period above mentioned 
and up to the middle of the 18th century. 
Among the sufferers from such causes were the 
Huntly family and a good many other Gordons. 

The Book of Annual Renters of 1633 shows 
the deplorable indebtedness of a very large pro- 
portion of the lairds of Aberdeenshire even by 
that date ; not all, perhaps, from outlay on war- 
like preparations, for probably some of them 
borrowed to speculate in land and buy up en- 
cumbrances ; and many must have had to pay 
up heavily owing to their having granted bonds 
of caution in security for the good behaviour 
or appearance when cited of relatives and 
friends, as well as for themselves, and become 
liable in payment. It is certain that many 
wealthy merchants lent money largely to land- 
owners, and, on failure to obtain interest due, 
took proceedings to have the lands adjudged to 
themselves. Other parties then often purchased 
from them estates or parts of estates, which the 
old owners lost. The apprising of lands in such 
cases recorded in the Register of the Great Seal 
afford ample evidence of this state of matters. 

The lands of Knockespock have been held by 


lairds of tho name of Gordon continuously since 
1535, but not all of the same stock ; and both 
Knockespock and Terpersie conjointly by lairds 
of that name and of one family since the be- 
ginning of the 18th century ; but it is very diffi- 
cult to get proof of the nature and dates of all 
the various transactions that led to the changes 
of ownership. 

The first Gordons of Knockespock were 
descended from Alexander of Essie, son of 
"Jock of Scurdargue," and so were of the same 
branch as the Gordons of Buckie — (Balb. MS., 
p. 65.) Thpy owned Knockespock from 1535 to 
about 1640. 

For about the next 60 years it is difficult to 
determine to which the lairds of Knockespock 
or parts of it belonged. The eldest son of the 
laird of the old family is said to have died in 
France in 1643 (Balb. MS., p. 64) ; but the 
latter's son, Robert, got sasine in Clatt, &c, in 
1648. Most, however, of the property seems to 
have gone partly to a George Gordon in 1642 
(of what family is uncertain), and mainly about 
20 years later to a John Gordon, who became 
laird of Glenbucket : perhaps these Gordons be- 
longed to three different branches of the house, 
perhaps not. 

The later Knockespocks were cadets of the 
Gordons of Terpersie, and acquired the estate 
from a kinsman about 1705 (Family Pedigree). 
One of this family purchased Terpersie about 
twenty years after it was forfeited, and its laird, 
Charles Gordon, had been executed at Carlisle. 
Knockespock and Terpersie have remained in 
the same family, the former since 1705, the 
latter from about 1765, to the present day. 


First Line. 

Table of their Descent. 

Alexander Gordon = Christian, 
of Essie, son of Jock of I daughter of Leslie of 
Scurdargue by Henault Balquhain. 


John of Essie, = Spens, 

eldest son: he sold Boddam l heiress of Boddam. 

and bought Buckie. 


1. Alexander 

3. William, 

2. Thomas 



of Buckie, 

I. of Knocke- 

of Auchen- 



Constable of 

spock, died 




the Bog o' 




Gicht, anc. of 

about 1557. 

of Cracullie. 

the Buckie 




II. of 


III. of 


IV. of 

died probably 
before 1589. 

died probably 
in 1631. 

died later 
than 16th 
June 1642. 

James, mentioned as living 16th 
younger of June 1642; died perhaps 
Knockespock. 1643 or 1645. 


mentioned as eldest son of 

deceased James Gordon, 

appt. of Knockespock, 


he got sasine in Clatt, &c 
16th May 1648. 


WILLIAM GORDON, I. of Knockespock. 

William Gobdon, first laird of Knockespock 
by repute, was the third son of John Gordon 

of Essie by Spens, daughter and heretrix 

of Boddam, in the parish of Insch (Balb. MS., 
p. 57), and grandson of Alexander of Essie by 
Christian, daughter of Leslie of Balquhain. 

John is said to have sold Boddam and bought 
Buckie (Balb. MS., ibid), but perhaps he sold 
only part of Boddam, for Alexander Gordon of 
Boddam is mentioned as a witness to a charter 
granted by the Earl of Huntly in 1553 (R.M.S., 
III., No. 1295). This Alexander may have been 
William's eldest son. Again, William Spens of 
Boddam was witness to charters in 1527, 1535, 
and 1536 (R.M.S.) ; and John Spens was served 
heir to his father, William of Boddam, in 1579, 
and Alexander Spens, heir to John, his father, 
in 1586. Perhaps John Gordon of Essie's wife 
was heretrix of only part of Boddam, which may 
have been sold to a Spens, who owned the 
other part. 

William of Knockespock's eldest brother was 
Alexander of Buckie, Constable of the Bog o' 
Gicht. His next elder brother was Thomas < i 
Auchinheives, goodman of Craicullie ; and his 
younger brother's name was David (Balb. MS , 
p. 57). A daughter of Gordon of Buckie is said 
to have married Donald Og Macpherson of 
Cluny tempore King James I. (History of 
Family of Macpherson of Cluny apud Douglas, 

William, first laird of Knockespock, married 
Margaret, a daughter of Duguid of Auchinhove, 
probably of Robert Duguid of Auchinhove, who 
was one of an assize in 1503, and gave a bond 
of man rent to the Earl of Huntly in 1536. 
By her he had issue two sons, viz. : — 

I. Alexandeb, afterwards of Knockespock. 

II. Henet or Haeet, who died without leaving 

heirs (Balb. MS., p. 63). 

The following extract refers to this laird ; and 
it will be observed that he is designed as " in " 
Knockaspack : it is probable that, as was then 
common, he held the lands only in lease: — 

" William Gordoun in Knoccaspak was present 
with William Lyoun of Comalegy, Patrick 
Gordoun in Auchmanye, Sir Alexander Cristison, 
Chaplain ; William Fola, and Alexander Andree 
at a Court held at Rayne by the Bishop of 
Aberdeen in 1535, when James Hill in Fingeis 
was pursued by the laird of Johnstone and 


Caskieben for using injurious and malicious 
language to him, viz. — ' I pray God that the 
ayres of Caskiebenne never prospere for the 
thinges ye do to me,' — speaking of the said laird 
and his heirs." (Ant. Aberdeen and Banff, III., 
p. 430.) 

The first laird seems to have been deceased 
by about the end of 1557. 

ALEXANDER GORDON, II. op Knockespock. 

Alexandee, second laird of Knockespock, 
succeeded his father. 

He married, according to the Balbithan MS., 
p. 63, " a daughter of Baillie of Ardneidlie, lady 
Aswanly." Baillie's designation is given as "of 
Ardnilly " in Records of Aboyne, p. 179. The 
place mentioned is, I presume, Arndilly, on the 
Spey. It was, I believe, formerly in the parish 
of Keith, is now in that of Boharm ; had been 
part of the possessions of the Earls of Huntly, 
but had been disponed to the family of Baillie, 
and later was subfeued by them to the Mel- 
drums of Eden. Thomas Baillie of Ardneidlu 
seems to have married Katharine Gordon, 
daughter of Alexander Gordon of Drumin, of 
the Buckie family, as her second husband. 
These Baillies were cadets of the Lamington 
family. (See Balb. MS., p. 57, and Records of 
Aboyne, p. 179.) Knockespock' s wife was pro- 
bably the relict of a Calder of Aswanley. 
Thomas Bailye of Arnely was a witness to a 
charter granted by the Earl of Huntly to John 
Gordoun, then Ogilvy, in 1545 (R.M.S.. II., 3261). 

The 2nd laird of Knockespock had by his 
wife, Ardneidlie's daughter, 4 sons and 3 
daughters, viz. : — 

I. James, afterwards of Knockespock. 
II. Mr Alexander Gordon, burgess in Elgin, 
married (1st) Marjory Grant, (2nd) Anne, 
daughter of the laird of Strathawen. 

III. Robert in Clatt, mentioned as "in Towie'' 

in 1590 (Reg. Priv. Co., IV., p. 473). 

IV. John of Bouges (or Boigges), Sheriff-Depute 

of Aberdeen, who married Arbuthnott 

(Balb. MS., p. 64). 

1. A daughter, married William Gordoun of 


2. A daughter. 

3. A daughter. (Mostly from Balb. MS., p 

Whether the first laird, so called, ever ac- 
quired in property the lands of Knockespock or 


only held them on lease or in liferent, his son 
got a charter of part of Nether Knockespock. 

For, or 28 May 1558, Bishop William Gordoun 
granted " i part of Nether Knokespok in feu 
term to Alexander Gordoun of Knokespok for 
yearly payment of 53s. and 4d., a quarter ot 
a mart, a mutton, six poultry, two capons, a 
boll of oats with the fodder, 20d. for bondage 
silver, 4d. for services, 10s. and 8d. for grassum, 
20d. for augmentation of rental, doubling these 
payments on the entry of each heir, and giving 
3 suits yearly at the Bishop's 3 Head Courts" 
(Reg. Great Seal Lib., XLVI., pp. 458-9, given 
in Ant. A. and B., IV., 499). I have failed to 
find this charter in the new edition of the Reg. 
Mag. Sig. 

This laird had a precept of sasine directed to 
him by the Bishop as " Alexander Gordoun of 
Knockaspec," as already mentioned. 

He had as near neighbours Gordoun of Tull.i 
angous, a cadet of Craig, whose son, William, 
married one of his daughters; Gordoun of Auch- 
menzie, a near relative of the same family ; 
and Gordoun of Terpersie. of the Lesmoir 
family. I think it probable that he took part 
in the battle of Tulliangus in 1571, and that 
some of his family were guests at the unfortu- 
nate and tragic banquet at Druminnor. 

Mr Alexander Gordon, burgess in Elgin, the 
second son, married, according to the Balbithan 
MS., (1st) Marjory Grant, with whom he begat 
two sons. James and Hugh Gordons. After his 
first wife's death he married (2nd) Anne Gordon, 
the laird of Strathown's daughter. 

The foresaid Alexander Gordon had also a 
natural son, gotten with a gentlewoman of the 
surname of Stuart, called William Gordon oi 
Menmoir, who married Jannet Grant, with 
whom he begat four sons, viz. : — Alexander. 
Patrick. Hary, and John Gordons. He married 
to his second wife Grant of Auchorachan's 

Mr O. Elphinstone Dalrymple had added re- 
specting the above-named Patrick — 

"The second son, Patrick or Peter, married 
Janet Gordon of Cluny, and had a son, Charles 
who married Rachel Gordon, heiress of Aber- 
geldie, and from them come the present house 
of Abergeldie." 

" Johnne Gordoun of Boigges. - ' or "John 
Gordoun of Bouges," with " Sheriff-Depute of 
Aberdeen" added, is several times mentioned 
in the Register of the Privy Council at the end 


of the 16th and beginning of the 17th centuries. 
I think he is the same person as John Gordoun 
of Tulligreig. The author of the Balbithan 
MS. says, at p. 64, that "John Gordon of 
Bouges, Sheriff-Depute of Aberdeen, married 

Arbuthnott, with whom he begat two sons 

viz., Thomas and Hary Gordons, who was killed 
in Germany " ; and the former, according to 
" C.E.D." (Mr Charles Elphinstone Dalrymple), 
married a daughter of John Gordon of Pitlurg : 
this mentioned also under Pitlurg in Balb. MS , 
p. 31. 

There is a charter in favour of this John 
Gordoun, granted in 1590, viz.: — Charter grant- 
ing in feu farm heritably to John Gordoun. 
brother german of James G. of Knockespak, his 
heirs and assigns whomsoever, all and whole 
the town and lands of Kirkhill and Mostoun, 
with the outsetts, parts, pendicles, &c, lying 
within the Abbacy of Lundoris and Sheriffdom 
of Aberdeen, to be had and held of us, &c. 
Reddendo, yearly, £10 in money as old ferme. 
and 20s. in augmentation, with dues and 
services, a duplicand on entry of each heir. — 
Sealed at Halirud, 17 Dec. 1590. (Reg. Great 
Seal, XXXVII., No. 452; Antiq. A. and B., 
IV., pp. 5334.) 

A century later there is a special service of 
a Francis Gordon as nearest heir of his father. 
Hugh Gordon of Kirkhill, in the town and lands 
of Kirkhill and Mostoune, with the tolls, &c, 
of the markets and the manor place, according 
to charters of confirmation under the Great 
Seal, granted to the said Hugh Gordon of Kirk 
hill, his heirs and assigns, dated 8 July 1664. 
(Antiq. A. and B., IV., pp. 534-5.) This Hugh 
was probably a grandson of the said John. 

John Gordon of Bogis and Helen Arbuthnott, 
his spouse, got sasine in Tilligreig, 28 August 
1603. He again got sasine in the same, 3 July 
1604 ; and in Kinnelar on 6 July following ; 
also " two other sasines," of which no further 
note was given me. John G. of Tulligreig got 
sasine in Lentushe [parish of Rayne] 8 May 
16C7 ; John G., portioner of Tilligreig, sasine in 
Tilligreig east. 3 December 1608 ; and John G., 
Sheriff-Depute of Aberdeen, in ^ of Tilligreig 
same day. 

In the Register of the Privy Council the name 
of " Johnne G. of Boigges, Sheriff-Depute of 
Aberdeen, occurs along with that of James 
Gordoun of Knokespic and others as being re- 
quired to get " sureties for their having each 


to pay £30 for their escheat goods, they having 
failed to pay sums due in the taxation of their 
goods."— 28 Dec. 1603 (Reg. Privy Co., V., p 

Very little information respecting this second 
laird seems available', nor anything to show tho 
date of his death, except that it was probably 
before 1589, when his son, James, is designed 
" of Knokeepek." 

JAMES GORDON, III. of Knockespock. 

James, 3rd laird of Knockespock, succeeded 
his father, and became the owner of considerable 
landed estates. 

He married Margaret, daughter and heiress 
of William Gordoun of Arradoul, the second 
son of Alexander Gordoun of Buckie by the 
Lady Innes, and his second cousin, by whom 
he had issue 3 sons and 3 daughters, viz. : — 

I. William, afterwards of Knockespock. 
II. Captain John Gordon, married a daughter 
of John Gordoun of Ardlogie, sister of Col. 
Nathaniel Gordon (Balb. MS., p. 17). 
III. Mr Thomas Gordon. 

1. Beatrice, married Donald Farquharson of 
Inch Marnoch, better known as " of Tulli- 
garmont " or "of Castleton and Monaltrie "' 
(Balb. MS., p. 64). 

2. A daughter, married to the Baron of 
Braichley (Ibid.). 

3. A daughter, married to Mr George Gordon, 
Cracullie (Ibid.). See " Reo. of Aboyne," 
pp. 24-0 and 250. He resigned the lands 
of Knok in favour of William G. of Knock- 
espock in 1619, and granted a reversion of 
Oraigcullie to the Marquis of Huntly in 

James Gordon and Margaret, his spouse, got 
a charter of Fochabers in 1590 : — 

" The King confirmed a charter of Alexander 
Seytoun, Lord of Urquhart, one of the Lords 
of Session [by which he confirmed to James 
Gordoun of Knockaspack and Margaret Gordoun. 
his spouse, daughter and heiress of the deceased 
William Gordoun of Foquhabirs, the lands and 
barony of Foquhabirs, viz., Wester and Eister 
F., also the lands of Ardidarroch in the priory 
or priorate of Pluskardine, regality of Urquhart 
Sheriffdom of Elgin and Forres, which the said 
Margaret resigned in person in favour of herself 
and the said James. To be held by the saio. 


James and Margaret, and the longer liver in 
conjunct fee, &c. Reddendo, &c., &c. At 
Aberdeen, 30 April 1590]. Confirmed at Halirud 
Hous, 17 Dec. 1590." (R.M.S., IV., No. 1800.) 

The same James Gordon of Knockaspak had 
some land in the burgh of Elgin, which is 
mentioned as bounding some other lands in a 
charter of lands granted by one, Alexander 
Young, in that burgh. Confirmed at Falkland, 

3 July 1591. (R.M.S., IV., No. 1893.) 

A few years later he had a charter under the 
Great Seal, erecting the town of Fochabers inio 
a Burgh of Barony, with a weekly market and 

4 fairs yearly (Rec. of Aboyne, p. 179): — 

" The King erected the town of Fochabers 
pertaining in feu ferm to James Gordoun of 
Knockespack, in the Lordship and Regality of 
Wrquhart, Sheriffdom of Elgin and Forres, into 
a Burgh of Barony, granting to the inhabitants 
the power of buying and selling, loading and 
unloading ships, barges, and boats at the port 
of Spey, and likewise to the same James and 
to his heirs to create burgesses, bailies, &c, with 
power of having a market cross and holding a 
weekly market and 4- fairs yearly, viz., on St 
Mary's, 8 December; Our Lady's Day in Lent, 
25 March ; First Lady Day in Harvest, 14 
August ; and latter Lady Day in Harvest, 4 
September. Confirmed at Halyrude houis, 10 
February 1598-9." (R.M.S., V., 857.) 

Immediately after Fochabers was erected intw 
a free barony, the laird of Knockespock arranged 
an excambion of lands with the Marquis of 

"At Halirudhouse, 28 Dec. 1600. 

"The King confirmed a charter of George, 
Marquis of Huntly, Earl of Enzie, &c. [by which 
for fulfilment of a contract between himself 
and Lady Henriet Stewart, Marchioness of 
Huntly, his spouse, on the one part, and James 
Gordoun of Knokaspok for himself, and taking 
burden on himself for Margaret Gordoun, his 
spouse, on the other part, of present date, in 
excambion for the lands and barony of 
Fochabiris, and for sums of money paid to him, 
he demitted in feu ferme to the said Jame^, his 
heirs male and assigns whomsover, without re- 
version, the lands of Tullich, town and lands of 
Mure, its mill and lands, brewery croft, town 
and lands of Ballater, boat, coble seat, and 
scheling, with salmon fishing on the water of 
Dee from the entry of the burn of Glencolcl- 


stone, and up the said burn, and also from the 
said inver or entry up the Dee to an merche of 
propertie distinguisend the said lands of Tullieh. 
&c, from the lands of Braichlie or Glenmucke, 
quhil it come foranent the merche of the proper 
landis of Knok, with woods, groves, common 
pasture, foggage, turfs, &c, &c., in the whole 
forest of Morwing and in Culblean to the tor 
rent of Auldenleith, in paroch of Tullieh : the 
lands of Knok and Dalfour, with multures, &c., 
with fishings of salmon in the water of Dee, in 
paroch of Glenmuk. Reddendo in all, £22 13s. 
4d., a duplicand of said sum on entry of heirs, 
&c.]." (The above is much abridged here.) 
" Witnesses — William Gordoun of Gicht, John 
Gordoun of Newtoun, George Gordoun of Ter- 
persie, John Gordoun in Ryinie, and Alexander 
Middletoun, notary public. — At Huntlie, 6 Juno 

1599. (R.M.S., V., No. 1120.) 

In the Rental of the Lordship of Huntly for 

1600, James Gordoun of Knockespock is entered 
as Tenant of Tullieh, Ballater, Muir, and Knock, 
and paying Fewe maill £22 13s. id. He was 
also tenant of the Marquis of Huntly in the 
small farm of Elrick, in the Oabrach ; ane pleuch, 
payis yeirlie maill Fourtie markis, Buttir ane 
stain. (Ibid.) 

Mention is also found of James Gordoun of 
Knokaspeck as a member of an assize (or jury), 
of which James Gordoun of Lesmoir was 
Chancellor, when various lands belonging to 
William Cuming of Ernsyde were valued from 
him in satisfaction of his debts to many credi- 
tors, mostly on bonds. Four of these bonds had 
been assigned to James Forbes of Tolmadeis, 
and two others to Arthur, Lord Forbes, and 
by the latter to the same James Forbes ; and 
in consequence Over and Nather Linkwood and 
sundry other lands were valued to said James 
Forbes for £3116 13s. 4d. in payment of debt, 
and for £155 16s. 8d. for fee to William Cuik, 
Messenger Sheriff (or Sheriff's Officer) in these 
parts. Grant of said lands confirmed by the 
King at Edinburgh, 31 December 1617. (R.M.S., 
V., No. 1747.) 

In the Register of the Privy Council, James 
Gordoun of Knockaspeek's name is found in 
several occasional entries from 1589 to 1624, and 
also the names of his sons. 

James G. of Knockaspeck had to find caution, 
along with Patrick Leith of Harthill, in 2000 
merks for good behaviour among a very large 
number of Northlandmen — 30 April 1589. (Reg. 
P. C, IV., p. 379.) 


A bond, registered in Edinburgh, of 500 merks 
by James G. of Knockaspeck as cautioner for 
Robert Gordon in Towie [i.e., Towie of Clatt], 
his brother, that he will not harm George Leslie 
in Tailzeauch, or James Leslie there. Sub- 
scribed at Knokespeck, 20 March, Regd. 23 
March 1590. (Reg. P. C, IV., p. 473.) 

Caution found by James G. of Knokespic for 
George Gordoun of Coclarachie that James and 
George Leslies in Tailzeauch shall be harmless 
of him under pains of letters raised against him. 
— Edinb., 10 Aug. 1590. (R.P.C., IV., p. 520.) 

James G. of Knockespic, cautioner for Johnn 
Gordoun of Allachin, Walter Barclay of Drum- 
dalgy, and others in 500 merks each to answer 
before the Council in 10 November next to a 
complaint of William Paxtoune. — Holyrood, 29 
September 1590. (R.P.Co., IV., p. 536.) 

The next abstract refers probably to John 
of Rouges, brother of this laird of Knockespock. 

Johnne Gordoun of Knockespak and several 
other Gordouns to be denounced rebels for no 
appearance to answer to a complaint of Mr 
Duncan Forbes of Forneidlie for an attack made 
upon his tenants on 20 January preceding. — 
Edinb., 10 March 1590. (R.P.C., IV., p. 595.) 

James Gordoun of Knockaspact, as principal, 
and Walter Barclay of Drumbelgie [sic], as 
surety, had to find caution in 500 merks not to 
assist the Earls of Huntly and Enrol and others 
guilty of the Jesuit and Spanish Conspiracy, or 
of the murder of the Earl of Murray. James 
G. of Knockespeck's brother, Robert, had to 
find caution in 500 merks at same time. — Aber- 
deen, 3 March 1592-3. (R.P.C., V, p. 46.) 

James G. of Knockaspect was surety for 
Walter Leslie, burgess of Aberdeen, in 500 
merks not to harm Mr Thomas Gairdin of 
Blairtoun, Commissary Clerk of Aberdeen. — At 
Aberdeen, 5 March 1592-3. (R.P.C, V., 48.) 

"Johnne Gordoun, brother of James G. of 
Knockespic," was one of several Gordons de- 
nounced rebels for having failed to appear 
touching the observations of "peas and quiet- 
ness in the country."— Holyrud House, 12 Apr. 
1593. (R.P.Co., V., 67.) 

James Gordoun of Knockaspec was one of very 
many north countrymen summoned to appear 
before the King and Council to answer for good 
rule and loyalty, 12 June 1594. (R.P.Co., V.. 

James Gordoun of Lesmurdie was cautioner 
for Alex. Gordoun of Lesmoir in £2000 not to 


harm James Gordoun of Knockespack. — Sub- 
scribed at Lesmoir, 12 October 1600. — Edinb.. 
27 Oct. 1690. (R.P.Co., VI., 667.) 

Mr George Bissat, as principal, and Abacok 
Bissat, writer, as surety for him, for Johnne 
Gordoun of Boiggis, Sheriff-Depute of the shire 
of Aberdeen ; James Gordoun of Knookespic, 
George Bissat of Eastfield, and Andro Bissat, 
fiar thereof, that they will pay within 40 days 
to the Treasurer £30 for their escheat goods 
fallen into the King's hands through their being 
denounced rebels for non-payment of certain 
sums due by them for the taxatiouns of their 
lands in the shire of Aberdeen. — 28 Decembei 
1603. (R.P.Co., VI., 772.) 

George Calder of Torrone was surety for 
James G. of Knockespic not to slay any salmon 
fish in forbidden time on the Dee or Don or 
branches thereof. The bond subscribed at 
Knok, 15 Sept., 1604. One of the witnesses is 
John Gordoun, son of William Gordoun of 
Tillyangus. Regd. at Perth, 26 September 1604. 
(RP.Oo., VII., 569.) Knock, near Ballater, at 
that time belonged to the laird of Knockespock 

James G. of Knokespak, cautioner for John 
Gordoun of Fintray in 300 merks not to reset 
or intercommune with Patrick Butter of Maritoun 
during his rebellion : one of the witnesses, John 
Gordoun, son of John G. of Drymmeis.— Sub- 
scribed at Aberdeen, 30 November 1605. Regd. 
at Edinb., 5 December 1605. (R.P.Co., VII., p. 

John Ros of Balivat, a notorious malefactor, 
having been released of his ward in Edinburgh 
upon a bond given by James Gordoun of Knock- 
espic for his entry before the Council when re- 
quired, one, Robert Elder, a messenger, is ordered 
to charge Gordoun to enter Ros on 10 April 
next under pain of rebellion. Elder executed 
the charge against Gordoun at his house at 
Knockaspic on 25 March, and at the market 
cross of Abirdein on 28 March. Gordoun fail- 
ing to appear 10 April, the Lords decern against 
him, but continue the outgiving of letters till 
24 inst.— Edinb., 10 April 1604. (R.P.Co., VII., 
p. 633.) 

Commissioners of the Peace were appointed 
for the several shires by His Majesty the King: 
in the list for Aberdeenshire for year 1609-10 is 
the name of James Gordoun of Knockespeck. 
The list confirmed at Edinb., 6 November 1610. 
(R.P.Co., IX., p. 79.) 

In the matter of a complaint by Dame Agnes 



Sinclair, Countess of Errol, and Alexander 
Gordoune of Strathdoune, her present spouse, 
against William Hay, her son by her former 
marriage, and others, for violent molestation at 
Auchereis, before the Council at Edinburgh, 10 
June 1613, the pursuers appeared by James 
Gordoun of Knokaspic. The defenders failed 
to appear, and were denounced rebels. 
(R.P.Co., X., p. 76.) 

When a charge was made against the laird 
of Gight and others for the murder of Francis 
Hay, James Gordoun of Knockaspec appeared 
to excuse the absence of the defenders, other 
than William Hay, son-in-law of George 
Gordoun of Gicht. — At Edinb., 16 April 1616. 
(R.P.Co., IX., 500.) 

"A Petition" came before the Lords of the 
Council at Edinburgh, 19 January 1618, made 
by Sir Alex. Gordoun of Cluny, as brother to 
Dame Grissel Stewart, Lady Meldrum, " moder 
to Marjorie Gordoun, dochter lauchful to 
umquhil Sir Thomas Gordoun of Cluny, knycht, 
procreat betwix him and me," by the said Dame 
Grissel, and by Johne Seytoun of Meldrum for 
his interest, as now spouse of the said Dame 
Grissel. "The said Marjorie, who is a young, 
harmless Damosell, not past xiiij. yeiris of age, 
was educated and brought up be the said Dame 
Grissel and her spouse in his place of Meldrum. 
Johnne Gordoun, son of James Gordoun of 
Knockespack, and domestic servitor to the said 
laird of Meldrum, showed himself so unworthy 
of the trust and credite placed in him as to 
resolve to ravish and tak the said Marjorie 
Gordcun away, only waiting upon the tyme an 
occasioun to put his wicked purpois in execu- 
tioun." On 24- December, "the laird left for a 
few days' hawking. Johne feigned to be sick, 
and stayed at home. Keeping quiet till night, 
when all was still, he rose, and with some ac- 
complices put violent hands on her, and by force 
carried her off to the house of the said James 
Gordoun, his father, or to some other place 
unknown." Petition was presented that an 
order should be issued to the said persons to 
appear before the Council on a certain day and 
exhibit the said Marjorie. On the back is 
"Fiat ut petitur." — Edinb., 19 January 1618. 
(R.P.Co., XL, 619-20.) [Only the substance of 
the above entry is given here.] 

By a complaint made to the Privy Council by 
George, Marquis of Huntly, as Sheriff-Principal 
of Aberdeenshire, it appears that he directed 


James Gordoun of Knockaspen [sic] and Thomas 
Gordoun of Gowill, his deputes, to apprehend 
George Meldrum of Haltoun for non-fulfilment 
of obligations to Andrew Meldrum of Dumbrek, 
and being unrelaxed from horning. That they 
accordingly went to his house ; but George, see- 
ing them approaching, fled and closed the gate 
against their entry, and held it to keep them 
out. Upon this they lay about it to reduce him 
to surrender ; but John Innes of Crombie came 
to the rescue, pretending that he was to try and 
persuade Meldrum to give himself up. Instead 
of this he let George Meldrum out of the house, 
set him upon his best horse and " patt him 
away." The pursuer appeared by Thomas 
Crombie, and the defender failed to appear : tho 
Lords ordered the latter to be denounced rebel. 
—At Edinb., 18 Dec. 1621. (R.P.Co., XIII.. 

James Gordoun of Knockaspec and 

Gordoun, apparent of K., were appointed 
Justices of the Peace for Aberdeenshire, 21 
August 1623. (Reg. P. Co., XIII., 349) 
[William G. was apparent of K. at this time.] 

John Gordoun, son to the guidman of Knik- 
espak, with several others, including George 
Gordoun of Geicht, were complained of by Harry 
Wood of Bonnytoun for an attack upon him in 
the Kirk of St Vigeans, and for wrongful ap- 
prehension and other violence. Gicht appeared 
for himself and several others, who were absent. 
The Lords found the assault proved ; ordered 
Gicht to be committed to ward in the Tolbooth 
and fined him ; also to present before them 
John Gordoun of Ardlogie, Adam G., his son, 
and John G., son to Knikaspec, that they may 
be punished. Gicht and Bonnytoun were also 
ordered to find caution in 5000 merks each to 
keep the peace towards each other. — Edinb., 28 
April 1624. (R.P.Co., XII., 497.) 

Henry Ramsay of Ardownie gave caution in 
2000 merks for George Gordoun of Gicht that 
he should present Adam Gordoun, son to John 
Gordoun of Ardlogie, and John Gordoun, son 
to James Gordoun of Knockespic before the 
Lords of Council on 1 June next. — Edinb., 3 
May 1624. (R.P.Co., XIII., 505.) 

John G. of Knokaspic was summoned before 
the Council as one of the complices who took 
part with Patrick Gordoun, brother to Gordoun 
of Gicht. and John G. of Ardlogie, another 
brother, in an assault upon a Richard Gordoun, 
who was a son of John Gordoun of Drymmies 


(cadet of Craig), and who later in his turn 
petitioned the King for a pardon for the 
slaughter of the said Patrick. The origin of this 
quarrel was that Richard Gordoun was a suitor 
for a girl, Margaret Cushnie, in marriage ; but 
she was carried off and forced by William 
Gordoun, son of the above-named Patrick. In 
spite of this Richard afterwards married her. 
Upon this Patrick and William, wishing to be 
revenged, along with others, lay in wait for and 
wounded Richard, who, armed with a pistol for 
self-defence, used it and mortally wounded 
Patrick. After his death Richard petitioned for 
protection from the revenge of Patrick's family. 
(R.P.Oo., 2nd Series, Vol. I., 268.) 

The Lords of Council investigated above matter, 
and reported that Richard's account thereof was 
correct. (R.P.Co., 2nd Series, I., 317-19.) I 
presume his petition was granted. Note here 
that the John Gordoun here called " John G. 
of Knokaspic " must be the second son of 
James G. of Knokaspic, and called by Balbithan 
''Captain John Gordoun," also that he married 
a daughter of John Gordoun of Ardlogie 

Among some short extracts and notes from 
the Sasine Registers relating to various Gordons, 
which were sent to me a a few years ago, I find 
the following, which belong to the time of 
James, the 3rd laird of Knockespock ; some of 
them are very brief, but confirmatory or 
suggestive : — 
James G. of Knockespock [a sasine apply. 27 

June 1605.] 
Another from George G. (?) of Terpersie. 
William G., apparent of Knockespaich in Bal- 
lade [Or Ballader for Ballater], and Outseat. 

—10 December 1608. 
William G., son to James G. of Knockespaick, 

in Tulliche, Muir, Knok, and Dalfour.— 17 

May 1619. 
Revn. George G. of Terpersie to James G. of 

Knockespack of East £ of Kirktoun of Clatt. 

—7 July 1619. 
Another of the same. 
Contract James G. of Knockespack and William 

G., his son, in Knoekmad. — 8 July 1619. 
George G. in Candakyl and Bessie G., his spouse, 

in Knok and Dalfour. — 10 July 1619. 
Note. — George of Cracullie was a son of John 
Gordoun of Blelack, and married Bessie, 
daughter of James G. of Knockespock, by whom 
he had William, James, and George Gordons. 
(Balb. MS., p. 43.) 


Renunciation to William Gordon of Knokaspic 

of Tullich.— 5 June 1620. 
Renunciation to William G. of Knockespack by 
George G. in Candakyll and Bessie G., his 
spouse, of lands in Knock. — 5 June 1620. 
George G. in Kandakyll sas. in Craigcullie. — 20 

November 1620. 
Renunciation lands of Tullich to William G. of 

Knockespak. — 10 July 1632. 
Reversion of Milntown of Tullich to William G. 
of Knockespak and George Gordon of Tcr- 
persie. — 15 June 1633. 

From the above sasines it seems evident that 
James, the 3rd laird, was alive in 1619 ; and 
acoording to the Register of the Privy Council 
James and his apparent heir were appointed 
Justices of the Peace in 1623, but William is 
designed "of Knockespock " in two sasines of 
5 June 1620. 

I found no mention of a Gordon of Knockes- 
pock in the Register of the Great Seal, Vol. 
VII., A.D. 1620-1633, nor in Vol. VIII. Ac- 
cording to the Balbithan MS., James, the 3rd 
laird, died in 1631. Perhaps he resigned his 
lands in favour of his eldest son, reserving the 
liferent, but I have failed to find any record of 
this, or any service of William as heir. 

The following notes relative to this laird are 
taken from "Records of Aboyne " : — 

James G. of Knockespock was witness to a 
letter of reversion granted by Donald Farquhar- 
son of Tulligarmont [his son-in-law] in favoui 
of the Marquis of Huntly of Candachailzie and 
other lands, dated 5 June 1599. He was also 
witness to a Precept of Clare Constat by the 
same Marquis for infefting John Forbes of Brux 
as heir to his father in the lands of Gellan, 23 
March 1602. ("Records of Aboyne," p. 186.) 

In 1612, James Gordoun of Knockespock was 
witness to a Tack by Alexander Gordoun of 
Cluny. ("Records of Aboyne," p. 207.) 

The grant of a reversion of east half of Kirk- 
toun of Clatt by George Gordoun of Terpersie 
to James G. of Knockespock in 1619 is men- 
tioned in "Records of Aboyne," p. 291 (see 
sasines above). 

In 1620, James Gordoun of Knockespock, 
along with Sir Alexander Gordoun of Cluny, 
Knight, and Robert Farquharson in Finzean, as 
Curators of Donald Farquharson of Tulligar- 
mont, are consenting parties to a contract be- 
tween George, Marquis of Huntly, and his eldest 
son, Lord Gordon, respecting the infeftment of 


the said Donald Farquharson in the lands of 
Belleatrach and others, in consideration of a 
payment of 3000 merks and an annual feu duty 
(amount left blank). 

This Donald's mother was Beatrix, daughter 
of James Gordoun of Knockespock. She 
married Donald Farquharson, senior, in 1603, 
then styled " yr. of Tulligarrnont " (''Records 
of Aboyne," p. 179). He is called in the Balb. 
MS. "of Inchmarnoch," but is better known as 
"of Castletown and Monaltrie." His son, 
Donald, also " of Monaltrie," the Marquis of 
Huntly's bailie on Deeside, was generally known 
as " Colonel Donald Farquharson of Monaltrie, 
the Pride of Braemar." 

Perhaps we may assume that the date given 
by Balbithan of the death of the 3rd laird of 
Knockespock, 1631. is correct : he adds that he 
was buried in the Kirk of Clatt (Balb. MS., p. 
64). From about the beginning of the century, 
his son, William, seems to have been practically 
the laird, for it will be seen below that by 
October 1601, he was "fiar of Knockespock," 
although designed "apparent" thereof as late 
as 1623. A sasine given below, dated 5 June 
1620, tends to confirm this. I have not found 
anything to prove that James of Knockespock 
was alive later than 1623. He is incidentally 
mentioned as the "deceased James G. of 
Knockespock in December 1633. 

WILLIAM GORDON, IV. of Knockespock. 

William Gordon, 4th laird of Knockespock, 
succeeded his father, perhaps in 1631. 

He married, according to the Balbithan MS. 
(p. 64), "the laird of Gairn's daughter," with 
whom he begat sons and daughters, viz. : — 

1. James [who is mentioned as fiar of Knockes- 

pock in a sasine in January 1634, and pre- 
deceased his father, leaving a son, Robert, 
who got Clatt, perhaps part of the estate]. 

2. Captain Alexander. 

No daughters' names are given. 

The following extracts from the Register of 
the Great Seal show that "the Laird of Gairn" 
was Gardyn of that ilk. and that William of 
Knockespock' s wife was Helen Gardin or 
Gardyn, daughter of Mr David Gardyn of 
Gardyn, and that they were married before 7 
October 1601. 

Mention is made of this lady as spouse of 


William Gordoun, " fiar of Knockaspeck," in a 
contract dated 17 October 1601, which is re- 
ferred to in a charter dated at Edinburgh and 
other places in March to April 1604. 

The King confirmed a charter of William 
Rowan of Ballindane, by which — in virtue of 
a contract between the deceased Sir William 
Rollok of Gardyn, and Jean Stewart, his spouse, 
with consent of Mr David Gardyn, formerly di 
codem, for himself, and as heir of the deceased 
John, his brother, and Helen Gardyn, daughter 
of the said Mr David, with consent of William 
Gordoun, fiar of Knockaspeck, her husband, on 
the one part, and the deceased Sir William 
Rowan of Ballindean, father of the said William 
Rowan, then of Ballindean, Lady Jean (or 
Katharine) Stewart, his spouse, himself and 
Christian Barclay, his spouse, on the other part 
dated at Edinburgh and . . . 17 Oct. 1601, 
and . . . — he sold to Sir Robert Crychtoun 
of *Cluny, his heirs and assigns whomsoever, 
the lands of Airlywrycht, with the fortalice. 
manor place, &c [and various other lands] in 
the barony of Auchtergawin, Sheriffdom of 
Perth. Dated at Edinburgh, Rattray, &c, . . 
. . 15 and 19 March and 25 April 1604; and 
the King granted the lands de novo. Confirmed 
at Edinb., 18 September 1606. (R.M.S., V., 

The same Helen Gardyn is also incidentally 
mentioned in the next extract, which gives de- 
tails of another charter granted at Edinburgh 
in March 1607, and confirmed there in July 
following, which also refers to a contract dated 

It was granted by Andrew Rollok, son and 
heir of the deceased Sir Walter Rollok de 
Gairden and Lady Jean Stewart, with consent 
of his curators and the said Jean, and by the 
said John, for himself, and by it — in fulfilment 
of a contract made between the said Walter 
and Jean, with consent of Mr David Gardyn, 
Elizabeth Stewart, his spouse, George Gardyn, 
his brother, for himself, and as heir of the late 
John, his brother, and Helen Gardyn, daughter 
of the said David with consent of William 
Gordoun, fiar of Knockespick, her husband, on 
the one part, and the deceased Sir William 
Rowan of Ballindene, William R., his son, fiar 
of the same, the deceased Lady Katharine 

*The Cluny here mentioned is Cluny Crichton. 
near Raemoir, Banchory. 


Stewart, spouse of the said Sir William, and 
Christian Barclay, spouse of William R., younger, 
on the other •part, dated at Dunkeld, 7 October 
1601 ; and by virtue of a decree arbitral, &c, 
&c, and also of an assignation, &c, &c. — they 
sold to Sir Robert Creichtoun of Cluny, his 
heirs and assigns, the lands and barony of 
Gairdyn [then follows the description of the 
lands of the barony] in the Sheriffdom of Forfar. 
Dated [i.e., the charter of sale] at Edinb., 21 
March 1607. Confirmed at Edinb., 1 July 1607. 
(R.M.S., V., 1937.) 

There is also mention of Helen Gardyn a little 
later. The contract referred to in the extract 
from R.M.S., V., 1796, and "dated at Edinb. 
and . . . 17 October and . . . 1601," is that 
referred to in a charter dated 1604. The con- 
tract bears to be between the deceased Sir 
Walter Rollok of Gardin and Lady Jean Stewart, 
his spouse, with various consents, which include 
that of Helen Gardin, daughter of David Gardin, 
given with consent of William Gordoun, fiar of 
Knockaspak, her husband. The charter in 
which it occurs is one of sale by William Rowan, 
then of Ballindean, by which he sold to Thomas 
Chapman in [Qy.] Ragillanie and Christian Blair, 
his spouse, half of the town and lands of 
Monydie, &c. Dated at Perth, 19 July 1604. 
Confirmed at Edinb., 4 March 1611. (R.M.S.. 
VI., 440.) 

The present laird of Knockespock has further 
proof of this marriage in a large panel with two 
coats of arms, which was discovered some years 
ago incrusted with accumulated dust among 
lumber in an outbuilding. After it was cleaned 
and restored it proved to be an interesting 
family memorial of the past, and it is now hung 
on the wall of the entrance hall. 

This panel has had emblazoned on it two coats 
of arms. The dexter side has a shield sur- 
mounted by a helmet, and bearing on a shield 
azure 3 boars' heads erased or, and the initial 
W on the dexter edge of the shield, and the 
initial G on its sinister edge ; beneath are two 
scrolls crossing one another in the centre with- 
out any inscription now visible. 

The sinister side of the panel has a similar 
shield on a field azure, a boar's head erased or, 
with initials H and G placed as by the other 
shield, and on a scroll beneath the date 1632. 

Possibly there may have been a date or 
lettering on the scrolls beneath the dexter shield, 
and either a pheon or a buckle between the 3 


boars' heads on the dexter coat ; but I failed 
to make any such out when I saw the panel. 

The arms ought, I presume, to correspond 
with those of the old Gordons of Buckie, with 
a difference (but I cannot find what the bear- 
ings of the Buckie family were), and those of 
Gardyn of Gardyn. 

The initials on the two shields are beyond 
doubt those of William Gordon of Knockespock 
and of Helen Gardyn, his spouse, his arms being 
those of the earliest Gordons of Knockespock, 
and her's those of Gardyn of that ilk ; but the 
field should be argent and the boar's head sa. 
armed or. (See Balfour Paul's Ordinary of 
Arms, 1st Edition, p. 132.) The tinctures may 
have been altered in restoring the panel. 

Several notes from the Register of Sasines 
have been given a few pages above, which mostly 
relate to William Gordoun of Knockespock, 
while still apparent, but " fiar " thereof, at 
dates 1608, 1619, 1620, and presumably while 
laird after his father"s death in 1632 and 1633. 
Since the above was written, I have procured 
from Edinburgh several much fuller notes from 

Sasines relative to William Gordon as younger 
of Knockespock, but fiar thereof. 

It will be seen from the following extract that 
William Gordon must immediately after he ac- 
quired them have made over Knock and Dal- 
four to George Gordon in Kandakyill and Bessie 
Gordon, spouse of the latter, and his own sister ; 
and got them back within 12 months, and that 
he recovered Tullich in 1632: — 

" 1619 — July 10. — Registration of sasine, dated 
25 May, of George Gordon in Kandakyill, for 
himself, and Bessie Gordon, his spouse, in the 
lands of Knok and Dalfour on a charter to them 
by William Gordon, apparent of Knokespok, 
with consent of James Gordon, Knokespok, his 
father, of these lands and fishings, &c, in the 
parish of Glenmuik. The charter is dated at 
Aberdeen, 22 May 1619, among the witnesses 
being William Gordon of Kennartie ; and among 
the witnesses to the sasine are John Gordon in 
Waternadie, and Alexander Gordon in Ard- 

"1620 — June 5.— Registration of Renunciation 
by Patrick Smith of Findlage of the lands of 
Tullich in favour of William Gordon, apparent 
of Knockespock, wadset to him by James Gordon 
of Knockespock. his father, dated 30 May 1620 


" 1620 — June 5. — Registration of Renunciation 
George Gordon in Candakyill and Bessie Gordon, 
his spouse, to William Gordon of Knoekespock. 
and James Gordon of Knoekespock, his father, 
of the lands of Knok and Dalfour. Dated at 
Aberdeen, 5 June, among the witnesses being 
William Gordon of Kennartie and George 
Gordon of Govill." [Note. — Thomas Gordon of 
Govill and James G. of Knockaspen are men- 
tioned in Reg. Priv. Co., 18 Dec. 1621.] 

Sasines relative to William Gordon of Knoek- 
espock : — 

" 1632 — July 10. — Registration of Renunciation 
by Donald Farquharson in Inchmarno and 
Margaret Gordon, his spouse, of their wadset 
from William Gordon of Knoekespock of the 
half of Tuilich. Dated at Aberdeen, 30 May 
1632 — a witness being Captain John Gordon." 
The last named was no doubt the brother of 
William of Knoekespock : he married a sister 
of Colonel Nathaniel Gordon, Ardlogie, a 
Cavalier, who was executed by the Covenanters. 
Note also, that William G. of Knoekespock, 
along with George Gordon of Terpersie, re- 
deemed Milltown of Tuilich. 

" 1633 — June 15. — Registration of Renunciation 
by Arthur Ross of Stering to William Gordoun 
of Knoekespock, who has paid him 3000 merks, 
for the redemption of the Milltown of Tuilich, 
which he and Elspet Couttie [Qr. Coutts], his 
spouse, acknowledge, and he resigns the same 
in favour of the said William Gordon of Knoek- 
espock and George Gordon of Terpersie, and 
their heirs and assignees. Dated at Aberdeen 
15 June 1633, one witness being William Gordon, 
apparent of Terpersie." 

Mention of James G., apparent heir of Knoek- 
espock : — 

In December 1633, we have mention of James 
Gordon, apparent of Knoekespock and Jean 
Bisset, his future spouse, getting sasine in Kirk- 
town of Clatt, upon a charter granted by George 
Gordoun of Terpersie. Compare a sasine re- 
lative to part of Clatt, dated 7 July 1619. 

The next sasine shows the laird of Knoekes- 
pock and his spouse making assignation to their 
eldest lawful son, James Gordon, of certain re- 
versions, in consideration of certain sums paid 
to them by Mr Robert Bisset of Lessindrum, in 
name of Jean Bisset, his daughter, and future 
spouse of the said James. Mention is there 
made of "the deceased James Gordon of 


Knockespock, father of the said William G. of 
Knockespock," and it is dated at Arradoule, 3 
December 1633. It will be remembered that, 
according to the Balb. MS., James G. of K., 
the third laird, died in 1631 ; his wife was 
Margaret Gordon, heiress of Arradoul. 

It seems probable that William, 4th laird of 
Knockespock, like too many of the Aberdeen- 
shire lairds of the time, became embarrassed 
with debts, and was compelled to part with most 
or all of his property. In 1642, we find a 
sasine to the following effect: — 

" 1642 — June 26. — Registration of sasine, dated 
16 June, of George Gordon of Noth on a charter 
by Mr Robert Farquhar of Mowny, bailie bur- 
gess of Aberdeen ; Mr James Farquharson. 
W.S. ; Robert Gordon, eldest lawful son of the 
deceased William Gordon of Kenertie by Janet 
Gordon, his second wife, and his heir of the 
said marriage, with consent of his curators, and 
the said Janet Gordon for herself, also with 
consent of William Gordon of Knockespak, and 
by the said William Gordon and Helen Gardyne. 
his spouse, and James Gordon, their eldest son, 
all with one consent and assent to the said 
George Gordon of Noth and his heirs and as- 
signees of the lands of Over Knokespack and 
Nether Knokespack. with right of fuel in the 
Moss of Auchlyne, &c. Dated at Aberdeen and 
Knockespaich, 10th and 16th June 1642." This 
looks generally like a family transaction. 

Mr Robert Farquhar of Mowny or Mwny was 
one of the Committee appointed by " the 
Estaitis " for "the taxafcione and loan moneyes 
within the Sheriffdom of Abirdein," which met 
in October 1643. No doubt he belonged to the 
well-known Covenanter family of that name ; 
but Mr James Farquharson, W.S., was the 
second son of Donald Farquharson and Beatrice 
Gordon, daughter of James Gordon of Knock 
espock : his name occurs several times as a 
witness to charters in "Records of Aboyne," 
and he purchased the lands of Whitehouse in 
Cromar. Later he purchased the Mill and Mill 
lands of Glenmuick for £1200, on marrying 
Anna, daughter of Colonel Thomas Gardyne as 
his second wife. He granted a charter in favour 
of himself and her in conjunct fee and their 
lawful heirs of the body of the lands of Bella- 
tracke, Ballindorrie, and others in Glenmuick. 
("Rec. of Aboyne," p. 279.) William Gordon 
of Kenertie had married a sister of William 


Gordon of Knockespock, and from this sasine 
we learn that her Christian name was Janet, as 
the laird of Kenertie was baron of Braichley ; 
and also that they had a son, Robert. 

In the following sasine we find mention of 
James, yr. of Knockespock as deceased: — 

" 1648 — May 22. — Registration of sasine, dated 
20 May, of Robert Gordon, eldest lawful son 
of the deceased James Gordon, apparent of 
Knokespeck and of Olatt, on a Precept of Clare 
Constat by William Gordon of Terpersie, in the 
town and lands of Clatt, &c, dated at the Kirk 
of Drumblait, 16 May 1648, among the witnesses 
being Robert Gordon of Civilie." 

It may be pointed out here that Clatt was 
evidently not at this time part of the Knockes- 
pock estate, and that it had belonged to Robert 
Gordon, 3rd son of the 2nd laird of Knockes- 
pock, then to George Gordon of Terpersie, and 
then to James Gordon, fiar of Knockespock, and 
then to the same and his spouse, Jean Bisset 

From the sasine given to George Gordon of 
Noth of the lands of Over and Nether Knock- 
espak in 1642, it would seem that they passed 
from the old family of Gordon of Knockespock 
to another family connected by marriage ; and 
further, from the sasine given to Robert Gordon, 
eldest son of the deceased James G., apparent 
of Knockespeck, in the lands of Clatt in 1648, 
that the estate of Knockespock did not revert 
to a male heir of the old family, but had passed 
to a George Gordon, previously designed " of 

I have not found any mention of the date of 
William Gordon, 4th laird of Knockespock' s 
death. Balbithan says that James, his eldest son, 
" married the laird of Lessindrum's daughter 
(Bissat), and begat .... The said James 
went to France Captain in a Regiment, and 
died there 1643." 

We have seen that James left a son, Robert, 
who got sasine in Clatt, as his father's eldest 
son on 16 May 1648, when his father is men- 
tioned as deceased. I can find no retours of 
service of either Robert, or his father, or grand- 
father, or great-grandfather. 

I think it may be held that the old and first 
line of Gordons of Knockespock as lairds came 
to an end on the death of William, the 4th 
laird, whose eldest son, James, does not seem 
to have been fiar. 

If, as I think probable, the first laird of the 


second line was George Gordon of Cracullie, 
who married a daughter of James Gordon, 3rd 
laird of Knookespock, and sister of William 
Gordon, the 4-th laird, and if John Gordon who 
succeeded George Gordon was her son, the suc- 
cession in blood was carried on through a 
female ; but so far from having proof of this, I 
think it improbable. I am much inclined to 
adopt a supposition that this John was a cousin 
of William, the 4th laird, and son of Captain 
John Gordon by a daughter of John Gordon of 
Ardlogie, and sister of Colonel Nathaniel 
Gordon, the well-known Cavalier. 

If there is good authority for the following 
incident, the 4th laird was intrusted with an 
important duty on the King's behalf, though 
he was prevented from carrying it out: — 

"In 1639, when the Marquis of Huntly sent 
William Gordoun of Knookespock with provi- 
sions and ammunition and a number of men to 
garrison the Castle of Inverness for the King, 
Sir James Fraser (of Brea), along with Thomas 
Fraser, younger of Strichen, and others, inter- 
cepted Gordon, seized his arms and ammuni- 
tion, fortified the Castle, and garrisoned it with 
bodies of the Frasers, Mackenzies, Munroes, and 
other Covenanting Clans." (Mackenzie's Hist 
of the Frasers, p. 521.) The Marquis was here- 
ditary keeper of the Castle of Inverness. 

As I mentioned above, I have failed to find 
anything to show the date of the death of the 
4th laird, but think it may have taken place 
about the year 1643, perhaps about 12 years 
after that of his father. 

GEORGE GORDON V. of Knockespook. 

I may now give what I take to be the descent 
of George Gordon of Knockespoek, of a diffe- 
rent family. The sources of information avail- 
able do not afford 'proof as to his paternity, or 
that his successor was his son or any near rela- 
tive ; but I think his wife was of the old 
Knockespoek family. 

It is certain that there was a person desig- 
nated " George Gordon in Kandachail," and 
that his wife's name was Bessie Gordon. The 
services of heirs afford no help. The Balbithan 
MS. mentions (pp. 42 and 43) a " George Gordon 
of Cracullie," and by comparing what it states 
with what is to be found in "Records of 
Aboyne" (pp. 240 and 259), and some sasines, 


I think these two designations belong to the 
same person, and that he was one of the 
Gordons of Blelack, and not, as alleged in an 
old MS. quoted in " Scottish Notes and 
Queries," Vol. III., No. 9, 2nd Series, p. 139, 
one of the Gordons of Daach or Dauch. In an 
old genealogy of Thomas Gordon of Daach. 
there given John Gordon of Glenbucket is called 
grandson of George Gordon of Noth, and the 
latter stated to be descended from William 
Gordon of Balveny, one of the sons of the said 

I think that the Balbithan MS. is a more re- 
liable authority, as far as it goes ; but he gives 
no information relative to lairds of Knockes- 
pock later than William, the 4th laird of the 
old line. He gives us some, however, about 
George Gordon of Oraeullie. 

At page 43, it is stated that George Gordon 
of Cracullie married a daughter of James 
Gordon [the 3rd laird] of Blelack, and brother 
of Alexander Gordon of Blelack (who with his 
spouse, Katharine Baird, got sasine in Blelack 
27 November 1604, his father's liferent being 

This family of Blelack was descended from 
James G. of Blelack, son of Alexander Gordon 
of Tillyminate, the elder brother of the first 
laird of Lesmoir, and was therefore descended 
from Jock of Scurdargue, and not from Tam of 
Daugh or Ruthven. The Alexander of Blelack 
just mentioned was deceased by 13 June 1631 ; 
and another Alexander of Blelack is said to 
have "bought the lands of Proney, and to have 
died in peace at Culdrain in August 1650." 
(Balb. MS., p. 42.) I have a note that an 
Alexander of Blelack got sasine in Culdrain in 
1618, and an Alexander of Blelack got sasine in 
the same place in 1632. 

I have procured from the General Register 
House in Edinburgh pretty full notes from a 
number of Aberdeenshire sasines in hopes they 
may aid in coming to a decision. These I now 
subjoin, giving them all in their order, though 
I have already quoted some of them, for easier 
reference : — 

1619— July 10. — Registration of sasine, dated 
25 May, of George Gordoun in Kandakyill, for 
himself, and Bessie Gordon, his spouse, in the 
lands of Knok and Dalfour, on a charter to 
them by William Gordon, apparent of Knock- 
espock, with consent of James Gordon of Knok- 
espok, his father, of those lands and fishings, 


&c, in the parish of Glenmuick. The charter 
is dated at Aberdeen, 22 May 1619 ; among the 
witnesses thereto being "William Gordon of 
Kenertie, and among the witnesses to the sasine 
are John Gordon in Waternadie and Alexander 
Gordon in Ardmenache. [Note. — William 
Gordon of Kenertie seems to have been identical 
with William Gordon of Breachley, or Brauch- 
lie, who with William G. of Knockespock were 
joint debtors to Robert Irving of Fedderat in 
Illm. IIIc. merks in 1633.] (Book of Annual 
Rentaris, &c.) 

1620 — June 5. — Registration of Renunciation 
by Patrick Smith of Findlage of the lands of 
Tullich in favour of William Gordoun, apparent 
of Knockespock, wadset to him by James 
Gordon of Knockespock, his father, dated 30 
May 1620. 

1620 — June 5. — Registration of Renunciation 
by George Gordon in Candekyill and Bessie 
Gordon, his spouse, to William Gordon of 
Knockespock and James Gordon of Knockes- 
pock, his father, of the lands of Knok and 
Dalfour. Dated at Aberdeen, 5th June, among 
the witnesses being William Gordon of Kin- 
nertie and George Gordon of Govill. 

1620- — November 20. — Registration of sasine, 
dated 9 November 1620, of George Gordon in 
Keandakyill and Bessie Gordon, his wife (by 
James Gordon in Bagartie. her attorney), in the 
lands of Craigulie, Cottertoun, and Patrick Ros 
Croft, upon a charter thereof to them by 
George, Marquis of Huntly, dated at Aberdeen, 
7 June 1620, which contains a precept of 
sasine directed to Alexander Gordon of Blelack. 
Among the witnesses to the sasine are Patrick 
Gordon in Middle Drumbulge and Robert Gor- 
don in Dubbis. Robert Gordon in Dubbis was 
brother to George Gordon of Cracullie. (Balb. 
MS., p. 42.) 

I think the above sasine shows George G. of 

Cracullie to be identical with George G. in 

Candakyll. The next shows that Alexander of 
Blclack was dead by 1631: — 

1631 — July 6. — Registration of sasine, dated 13 
June 1631, of John Gordon, brother of the de- 
ceased Alexander Gordon of Blelack, in the 
lands of Blelack upon a precept of clare constat 
by John, Earl of Mar, in his favour as heir of 
his said brother-german, who died last infeft 
in the lands of Blclack, under reservation of 
the liferent of Katharine Baird, the widow of 


the said Alexander Gordon. The precept is 
dated at the Canongate, 31 March 1631. John 
Gordon in Pronny is bailie, and gives sasine. 

The above Alexander G. of Blelack " bought 
Proney, and died in peace at Culdrain in 1650 
[sic, evidently for 1630]. These Gordons of 
Prony were tenants of Drumbulg for a long 
period. Culdrain is the next farm to Drumbulg. 
Katharine Baird married as her second husband 
Robert Gordon in Haltoun of Drumbulg. 

1632 — July 10. — Registration of Renunciation 
by Donald Farquharson in Inchmarno and 
Margaret Gordon, his spouse, of their wadset 
from William Gordon of Knockespock of the 
half of Tullich. Dated at Aberdeen, 30 May 
1632, a witness being Captain John Gordon 

Note. — Captain John Gordon was brother, and 
Margaret Gordon, spouse of Donald Farquhar- 
son, was sister to William Gordon of Knockes- 
pock (see Balb. MS.). Their father, James G. 
of Knockespock, had died perhaps in 1631, and 
Margaret's sister was the wife of Mr George 
Gordon of Cracullie. Another sister married 
the Baron of Braichlie, i.e., William G. of Ken- 
artie (see Ibid.). Perhaps the above Renuncia- 
tion was in favour of Arthur Ross of Stering. 

1632 — July 24-. — Registration of Renunciation, 
dated at Aberdeen, 23 June 1632, by Katharine 
Baird, widow of Alexander Gordon of Blelack, 
and now spouse to Robert Gordon of Haltoun 
of Drumbuilg, of the liferent right in lands of 
Blelack, in the parish of Logymar, and Middle 
Third of Culdrain, in favour of John Gordoun, 
eldest lawful son of John Gordon, now of Ble- 
lack, brother and heir of the deceased Alex- 
ander Gordon, sometime of Blelack, in terms 
of a contract between them, dated 23 March 
last. The renunciation is made in presence of 
Mr James Irving, Sheriff-Depute of Aberdeen. 

Note. — We find in the book of Annual 
Rentaris, 1633, the Marquis of Huntly debtor 
to Robert Gordoun of Cowdrayne upon wadsett 
of Cowdrayne, Illm. merks ; and the same to 
the same upon Haltoun, Drumbulge, and Milne 
of Colluthie, Illlm. merks. 

The next abstract shows the redemption of 
Miltoun of Tullich, or perhaps the half of it, 
by William Gordon of Knockespock : — 

1633 — June 15. — Registration of Renunciation 
by Arthur Ross of Stering to William Gordon 
of Knockespock, who has paid him 3000 merks 


for the redemption of the Miltoun of Tullich, 
which he and Elspet Coutts, his spouse, acknow- 
ledge, and he resigns the same in favour of the 
said William Gordon of Knockespook and 
George Gordon of Terpersie and their heirs and 
assignees. Dated at Aberdeen, 15 June 1633, 
one witness being William Gordon, apparent of 

1634- — January 13. — Registration of sasine, 
dated 2 December 1633, of James Gordon, ap- 
parent of Knockespock, and Jean Bisset, his 
future spouse, in the Kirktown of Clatt, upon 
a charter by George Gordon of Terpersie. Dated 
at Clatt, 2 December, a witness to which is 
James Gordon, " nepote " of the said George 
Gordon of Terpersie. [This James was son of 
William and grandson of George Gordon of 

1634- — January 13. — Registration of assignation 
by William Gordon of Knockespock and Helen 
Gardyne, his spouse, to James Gordon, their 
eldest lawful son, and for certain sums of 
money paid to them by Mr Robert Bisset of 
Lessindrum, in name of Jean Bisset, his 
daughter, future spouse of the said James, of 
certain reversions specified therein, in which 
mention is made of the deceased James Gordon 
of Knockespock, father of the said William 
Gordon of Knockespock. Dated at Arradoule, 
9 December 1633. [Note. — James Gordon oi 
Knockespock had married the daughter of 
William Gordon of Arradoul, 2nd son of Alex- 
ander Gordon of Buckie. (Balb. MS., p. 64J 
This James G. of K. died perhaps in 1631.] 

We now come to mention of the acquisition 
of Auld Noth and Boigs by a George Gordon, 
designed "in Gibistoun," and "Chamberlain at 
Huntly," and the question is whether he was 
previously "of Craigullie " or not. I cannot 
light upon mention of him as Chamberlain of 
Strathbogie ; and there is a difficulty in that 
we find Jean Anderson to be his spouse in 1638, 
whereas the wife of George Gordon, who got 
sasine with her husband in 1620 was Bessie 
Gordon, Knockespock' s daughter, Craigullie, 
now known as Craigwillie, and Gibston are two 
farms within, say, 1^ miles of each other, or 
less, both in parish of Dunbennan, lying to the 
westward of Huntly. Auld Noth is at the east 
end of the Hill of Noth, near the public road 
from Gartly Station to Rhynie, about half-way 
between them. 


The extract is as follows: — 

1638 — June 9. — Registration of sasine, dated 
4th June, of George Gordon in Gibistoun, 
Chamberlain at Huntly, and Jean Anderson, his 
spouse, on a charter by George, Marquis of 
Huntly, of the lands of Auld Noth and Boigs, 
in the parish of Rhynie. I understand that 
Boigs is in a hollow between the hills of Noth 
and Kirkney, quite near Old Noth. 

The next extract refers to the old Gordons 
of Glenbucket: — 

1642 — February 12. — Registration of sasine, 
dated 9 February, of Patrick Gordon of Glen- 
buchet, on a charter by John, Earl of Mar, in 
Easter and Wester Inverbuckets, lands of Bal- 
lentmoir, Balnacraig, Balnaboth, Badinzone, 
Killwalleith, BalJochdowe, and Balnafak for 
him. He is called lawful son of the deceased 
Sir Adam Gordon of Park, procreated between 
him and Lady Helen Tyrie, his spouse. Among 
the witnesses to the sasine is James Gordon, 
brother of the said Patrick. 

[Note. — This James Gordon, was, I presume, 
"father to John Gordon, Tutor of Glenbucket," 
mentioned in the Balb. MS., p. 37.] 

The next extract is an important one. It 
relates to "George Gordon of Noth's " acquir- 
ing Over and Nether Knockespock : — 

164-2 — June 26. — Registration of sasine, dated 
16 June, of George Gordon of Noth on a charter 
by Mr Robert Farquhar of Mowny, bailie, bur- 
gess of Aberdeen ; Mr James Farquharson, 
W.S. ; Robert Gordon, eldest lawful son of the 
deceased William Gordon of Kenertie by Janet 
Gordon, his second wife, and his heir of the 
said marriage, with consent of his curators, and 
the said Janet Gordon for herself ; also with 
consent of William Gordon of Knockespak, and 
by the said William Gordon and Helen Gar- 
dyne, his spouse, and James Gordon, their 
eldest son, all with one consent and assent to 
the said George Gordon of Noth and his heirs 
and assignees of the lands of Over Knockes- 
paik and Nether Knockespaik, with right of 
fuel in the Moss of Auchlyne, &c. Dated at 
Aberdeen and Knockespaik, 10 and 16 June 1642. 

The above shows, at any rate, that George 
Gordon of Noth got a charter from the persons 
named, with consent of various members of the 
Knockespock family of Over and Nether Knock- 
espock. I think it savours of a family arrange- 


ment, as if the old family could not keep it, 
and as if perhaps the new proprietor was con- 
nected with them through his first wife. The 
name of Mr Robert Farquhar makes one suspect 
the purchase of apprisings affecting the lands 
of Knockespock. A debt due by William 
Gordon of Knockespack and William Gordoun 
of Brauchley [i.e., Kenertie] of Illm. IIIc. 
merks to Robert Irving of Fedderat has been 
noted already ; and William G. of K. is noted 
as having paid to Dame Marioun Douglas, Lady 
Drum, lm. Vo. merks. It should be borne in 
mind that William Gordon of Kenartie, "Baron 
of Braicklie," George Gordon of Cracullie, and 
Donald Farquharson of Inchmarnoch (elder 
brother of Mr James Farquharson, W.S.), 
married three sisters, daughters of James 
Gordon of Knockespock ; but, on the other 
hand, George Gordon in Gibistoun's wife was 
by 4 June 1638 a Jean Anderson. 

The next extract shows that James Gordon, 
apparent of Knockespock and of Clatt, was 
deceased a few years later, and that James' 
eldest son got sasine in Clatt, a small distinct 
property. From its terms it seems probable 
that William Gordon of Terpersie was the 

The extract runs as follows : — 

1648 — May 22. — Registration of sasine, dated 
20 May, of Robert Gordon, eldest lawful son of 
the deceased James Gordon, apparent of 
Knockespock and of Clatt, on a Precept of Clare 
Constat by William Gordon of Terpersie, in the 
town and lands of Clatt, &c, dated at the 
Kirk of Drumblait, 14 May 1648 ; among the 
witnesses being Robert. Gordon of Civilie. 

In the next extract George Gordon, previously 
designed "of Noth," is styled "now of Knock- 
espock." It appears to be merely a repetition 
of the sasine registered 16 June 1642. 

1650 — February 20. — Registration of sasine 
dated 18 February, of George Gordon, now of 
Knockespock, upon a charter by Mr Robert 
Farquhar of Mowny, bailie, burgess of Aber- 
deen ; Mr James Farquharson, W.S. ; Robert 
Gordon, eldest lawful son of the deceased 
William Gordon of Kennertie by Janet Gordon, 
his second wife, and by the said Janet Gordon 
and others, and also with consent of William 
Gordon, formerly of Knockespock, and Helen 
Gardyne, his spouse, and James Gordon, theie 


eldest son, to the foresaid George Gordon, of 
the lands of Over and Nether Knockespoek, 
called the Newton of Knockespoek, with the 
Mill, &c., dated at Aberdeen and Knockespoek, 
10 and 16 June 1642. 

1650 — August 29. — Registration of sasine, 
dated 27 August, of George Gordon of Knock- 
espoek in the lands of Segiden, in the parish 
of Kinethmont, upon a charter from William 
Gordon of Terpersie and James Gordon, his 
eldest son, to him. Dated at Clatt, 27 August 
1650 ; among the witnesses being John Gordon 
of Law, and Mr George Gordon, Rector at Clatt. 

The next extract shows a John Gordon to be 
laird of Knockespoek, and that he had a brother 
James. There does not appear to be any service 
of this John as heir. 

It will be seen that John got his disposition 
from Mr Patrick Anderson of Knockespoek, and 
the name of the wife of George Gordon " in 
Gibistoun," who acquired Auld Noth, and later 
"of Knockespoek," was Jean Anderson. Pos- 
sibly Patrick Anderson had acquired a wadset 
over Knockespoek, and John Gordon may have 
acquired it from him and redeemed it. 

It runs as follows : — 

1663 — December 2. — Registration of sasine, 
dated 13 October, of John Gordon of Knockes- 
pack, on a Disposition to him by Mr Patrick 
Anderson of Knockespack of the town and lands 
of Newtoun of Knockespak, Nether Knockes- 
pak, Sowiefourt Craig [Qr. Sowie-foot or Sowie- 
ford], with mill therein, in the parish of 
Rhynie. Dated at Knockespak, 13 October. A 
witness to the sasine is James Gordon, brother 
of the said John Gordon of Knockespak. 
[Unfortunately, no description of John Gordon 
is given here.] 

The next extract has John Gordon, Tutor of 
Glenbucket, one of the witnesses to a Renuncia- 
tion by John Gordon of Knockespoek of a wad- 
set of certain lands made to him by Patrick 
Gordon of Badinscoth : — • 

1669 — May 15. — Registration of Renunciation 
by John Gordon of Knockespoek of a wadset 
made to him by Patrick Gordon of Badinscoth 
on 16 June 1666, whereby, for 3000 merks, 
Patrick Gordon wadset to him part of the 
barony of Auchterless, which he has repaid. 
Dated at Badinscoth, 26 March 1669 ; witnesses, 
John Gordon, tutor of Glenbuchat, and others. 

So far the sasines, but the details are not 
fully explicit. 


I may next refer to the information respect- 
ing George Gordon in Candakyll, which is to 
be found in "Records of Aboyne," pp. 240, 
251, and 259. George certainly married a Bessie 
Gordon. They had sasine of the lands of Knock 
and Dalfour on J,0 July 1619. They resigned 
these lands in favour of William Gordon of 
Knockespock on 5 June 1620 (Aberdeen Sas., 
Vol. I.). A precept of earlier date, 20 Dec. 
1616, by K. James VI., is directed to George 
Gordoune in Chandokyill, as Sheriff in that 
part, for infefting Lawrence Gordon, 4th lawful 
son of the Marquis, his heirs male and others, 
in the lands of Auchterarne and others, on the 
resignation of Alexander Gordon of Cluny 
l''Rec. of Aboyne," pp. 240-2.) 

On May 17, 1619, George, Marquis of Huntly, 
directed Precept of Clare Constat to George 
Gordon in Chandakaillzie for infefting Donald 
Farquharson, now of Tulligarmont, as heir to 
the deceased Donald of Tulligarmont, his 
father, in the lands of Chandakaillzie, Balla- 
trauch, and others. At Aberdeen. Instrument 
of sasine followed, 31 May 1619 (Aboyne Charter 
Chest). (" Rec. of Aboyne," p. 251.) 

Again, " George Gordon of Craigullie, as 
noted elsewhere, married Bessie Gordon. He 
granted reversion of the lands of Craigullie to 
the Marquis of Huntly on 8 June 1620," refer- 
ence being made to Aberdeenshire sasines, Vol. 
II. ("Rec. of Aboyne," p. 259.) 

It appears to me a fair inference from the 
above that George Gordon in Candakyll and 
George Gordon in Craigullie are the same 
person, and that he removed to Gibiston, ad- 
joining Craigullie, became Chamberlain in 
Strathbogie, and got a charter of Auld Noth 
in favour of himself and Jean Anderson (pre- 
sumably his second wife), and not very long 
afterwards acquired Over and Nether Knockes- 

In the latter part of the 16th century it had 
become the policy of the Earl of Huntly to let 
farms of some extent to gentlemen, of which 
interesting evidence is forthcoming, which may 
be adduced here: — 

The rental of the Lordship of Huntly for 1600 
shows the great extent to which the Marquis' 
farms were let to gentlemen, mostly of the 
name of Gordon, on his large estates. It has 
been already mentioned that James Gordon of 
Knockespock had the farms of Ehick (or Elrig). 
a small one in the Cabrach, and of Tullich, Ba!- 


lader, Muir and Knock on payment of feu 
maill. He had also Ethmche (probably Etnach), 
with the Croift, ane pleucbe, for which he paid 
yearly, Custom 10 stones butter and 5 kyiddis, 
all anerlie. Sett for 5 yeirs, enters Witsonday 
1605 yeirs. 

In same Rental, under Inchmarnoche, we find 
Ballemoir, ane pleuche, payis yeirlie maill £5 
6s. 8d ; Customs 1 weddir, 1 kyid, or 1 lamb, 
and 1 cow for foigaidge and custom ; multer 
1 boll beir, 1 boll aitis with the fodder — John 
Gardyne, tenant. This John Gardyne was for 
a long period a tenant of the Marquis of the 
farm of Bellamore (see " Rec. of Aboyne," p. 
252). Under the same heading, "Inchmarnoch," 
Ballintorrie, ane pleuche ; Ballastrade, ane 
pleuche; Chandokeilzie, ane pleuche, " wadsett 
to Donald Farquharson" is added opposite 
these three farms. 

In the parish of Gartly, James Gordoun, ap- 
pearand of Pronye, was tenant ; failing him 
George Gordon, his father ; and thereafter the 
heirs of said James, of the farm of Haltoun, 
Drumbulg, 2 pleuches. The Mylne of Colly- 
thie was set in same terms to the same. James 
Gordon of Prony was also tenant of Tornakelt 
in the Cabrach, ane pleuche. for which he payis 
yearlie maill Twentie pound maill. 

In same parish we find Mr Alex. Gordoun, 
tenant of Bagagartye, ane pleuche, paying u 
considerable rent, which is detailed ; and I think 
this may be Alexander of Blelack in Cromar. 
He was also tenant at the time of Craigulie in 
parish of Dunbennan, ane pleuche, paying al- 
most a similar rent to Bagagartie, with the note 
in margin, " Redeimit at Witsunday 1591: sett 
for 19 years after the redemption." 

The leases of that period often contained 
clauses of redemption. A little later wadsets 
became common, and led to the ruin of many 

It will be remembered that Alexander of 
Blelack is said to have^Jbought the lands of 
Pronie and got sasine in Culdrain in 1618 and 
in 1632. It seems probable enough that Ble- 
lack's brother should meet and marry Knockes- 
pock's daughter, and also become tenant of 
Craigulie, and get sasine therein in 1620. (See 
Sasine, 20 Nov. 1620.) 

But whatever may have been the parentage 
of George Gordon of Noth, he got sasine in 
Over and Nether Knockespock 26 June 1642, 
and as " George Gordon, now of Knockespock," 


sasine in the lands of Knockespock, 20 Feb. 

It will be seen from the above researches that 
there is a lack of definite information available 
to prove the descent of the lairds of Knockes- 
pock about the middle of the 17th century. 
Unfortunately, the difficulty is not less when 
we come to the next two lairds, father and son, 
both John Gordons, the younger of them better 
known as "John Gordon of Glenbucket." 

I hoped that the Register of Arms at the 
Lyon Office might give help to trace to which 
family of Gordons one of the lairds of Knock- 
espock in the second half of the 17th century 
belonged. The present Lyon has kindly in- 
formed me: "John Gordon of Knockespock re- 
corded arms about 1672-78 ; that is to say, he 
sent in his arms to the Lyon when the present 
Register was begun." No descent is given in 
the entry. 

" In the case, however, of Adam Gordon of 
Glenbucket, which is the next entry in the Re- 
gister, he is said to be descended from Rothie- 
may." This Glenbucket was of the Park 
family, cadets of Oairnborrow ; and the arms 
given as his are: — " Azure, a saltire between 
three boars' heads erased or, within a bordure 
counter-company of the second and first. 

The arms of Gordon of Knockespock given 
in the "Ordinary of Arms, 1st Edition," are: — ■ 
" Azure, a pheon between three boars' heads 
erased or" ; and they are followed by the arms 
of Gordon of Cairnfield, which are in exactly 
the same terms. 

Now, the old Gordons of Cairnfield were de- 
scended from Mr William Gordon of Cairnfield, 
2nd son of John Gordon of Buckie ; and the 
first Gordon of Knockespock, William Gordon, 
was a younger brother of Alexander Gordon, 
first of Buckie, and uncle of Mr William 
Gordon of Cairnfield. (Balb. MS., p. 65.) Hence 
it is probable that John Gordon, who acquired 
Knockespock in 1663, was of the same stock as 
the earlier lairds, although there is no evidence 
to prove this, or to which minor branch he be- 
longed. I also infer that the old panel now at 
Knockespock probably had a pheon between the 
three boars' heads. 

If this conjecture be correct, " Old Glen- 
bucket " was descended from an old branch of 
Gordon of Buckie. 

The Sasine Registers record many transac- 
tions in land in the parish of Clatt, but the 


extracts afford little help in the matter of genea- 
logy : perhaps I may give some further on. 

If we assume that George Gordon, previously 
of Noth, and laird of Knockespock, was still 
earlier of Cracullie, some difficulty arises, as al 
ready stated, with respect to his marriage or 
marriages and his issue. 

The wife of George Gordon, who got sasine 
in Craigullie, 9 November 1620, was Bessie 
Gordon, Knockespock' s sister ; and the wife of 
George Gordon, who got a charter of Auld Noth 
and sasine there, 4 June 1638, was Jean 

According to the Balbithan MS., p. 43, George 
Gordon of Cracullie had by his marriage to 
Bessie Gordon " three sons and daughters, viz., 
William, James, and George Gordons ; the 
daughters' names are not given. There is no 
mention of a son John, and there is no retour 
of the John that succeeded him. George's 
successor may possibly have been a grandson, 
or a son by his second marriage, supposing the 
sons by the first predeceased their father with- 
out leaving male issue ; but I think this very 

We shall find that in 1663 John got a disposi- 
tion in his favour from a Mr Patrick Anderson, 
possibly a relative of Jean Anderson, and 
Patrick may have had a wadset of the lands. 

It may be added here that George Gordon, 
5th laird, who got a sasine in Over and Nether 
Knockespock in 1642, was probably deceased by 
1663, and that he was succeeded by a John 
Gordon, whether a relative or not I find no 
evidence sufficient to determine ; but perhaps 
he was a connection by marriage. 

Peehaps Thied Line, Peehaps Fiest Line 

JOHN GORDON, VI. of Knockespock, also 

of Glenbucket or part thereof. 
JOHN GORDON, VII. of Knockespock, and 

of Glenbucket, who sold Knockespock, and 

was later of Glenbucket. 

JOHN GORDON, VI. of Knockespock. 
It has been already mentioned that in an old 
Genealogy of Thomas Gordon of Daach, quoted 
in "Scottish ISJotes and Queries," Vol. III., 2nd 
Series, p. 139, John Gordon of Glenbucket, who 
"was attainted for high treason, being concerned 
in ye rebellion 1745," was the grandson of 


George Gordon of Noth, who was descended 
from William Gordon of Balveny, one of the 
sons of the said Thomas of Daach. I can find 
nothing to corroborate this view, nor to support 
the further statement that George Gordon of 
Noth purchased the lands of Glenbucket from 
Gordon of Glenbucket, which in no way accords 
with the Poll Book of Aberdeenshire. On the 
other hand, it seems to me probable that John 
Gordon, the successor of George, purchased 
first Knockespock, and later Glenbucket. An 
extract from the sasine register, dated 2nd 
December 1663, shows that on 13th October 
preceding, John Gordon got a disposition of 
Knockespock granted by a Mr Patrick Anderson. 

I propose to give here some account of the 
estate of Glenbucket, which belonged for many 
years to cadets of the Park family, and it is 
interesting to note the changes of ownership 
thereof from an early period. 

Glenbucket, or a large part of it, being in the 
lordship of Strathdon and Earldom of Mar, be- 
longed from a very early date to the Earls of 
Mar, and in time came into possession of Robert, 
Lord Erskine, by service as heir in 1438 ; but 
his rights were disputed by the Crown and his 
service set aside in 1457. The Earldom reverted 
to the Grown, which from time to time made 
various grants to subjects, and the lands were 
lost to the Erskine family till 1565, when Queen 
Mary granted the Earldom and lands of that 
lordship and lands of the Lordship of Garioch 
to John, Lord Erskine, who became 19th earl 
of Mar. 

But meantime several important grants had 
been made to others, including a very extensive 
one to Alexander Elphinstone and his spouse, 
the son of Sir John Elphinstone of Elphinstone 
by charter from King James IV. in 1507, of the 
lands of Invernochlty, Ballebeg, Glennochty, 
Invernethy, Ledmahoy, Culquhonny, and Cul- 
quharry in Strathdon ; and also by another 
charter in same year to Alexander Elphinstone 
of the above lands, with the addition of those 
of Skellater, forest of Corgarff, lands of Fine- 
lost, Balquhan, and Belnaboth in Glenbuchat, 
Ballintamore, &c, with the forest of Badenzone 
and Kilvalauch, with several others mentioned, 
in the Lordship of Strathdon. All of these 
lands were apparently parts of the barony of 

On the restoration of the Erskines, after about 
160 years' exclusion, John, Earl of Mar. got a 


decision in his favour on his claim to the said 
barony of Kildrummy, which resulted in a com- 
promise to the effect that the Elphinstones should 
ratify a reduction of their charters, and renounce 
all right to the castle and lands of Kildrummy, 
the Earl undertaking to pay them 48,000 merks. 
(See Mackintosh's Historic Earls and Earldoms 
of Scotland, pp. 41-58.) 

But besides lands belonging to the Earldom 
there were Kirk lands in the parish of Glen- 
bucket (erected into a parish in 1473), which in 
time came to be known as " Kirktown of Glen- 
bucket." These lands belonged to the Bishopric 
of Aberdeen ; for Glenbucket was of old eccle- 
siastically a chapelry of the Church of Logy, in 
Mar ; and on the formation of a parish the 
church of Glenbucket was to be served by a 
resident parochial chaplain, who was to have 
the church land and chapeltone, with the great 
tithes, as well of Chapeltone as of the town of 
Balnaboth in Glenbucket, belonging to the Dean 
and Chapter of Aberdeen, with altarages and 
other minor emoluments, which of old belonged 
to the Vicar of Logy, and with 20s. Scots yearly 
from the Vicar of Logy, in respect of his re- 
lease from the cure of Glenbucket. (Reg. Episc. 
Aberd., I., pp. 307-309, apud Ant. A. and B., 
V., p. 449.) 

Accordingly, in 1549, the President and 
Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Aberdeen 
(in the absence of the Dean) granted a charter 
of feu farm in favour of Alexander Thomuilson 
of the town and glebe of the Vicarage of Glen- 
bucket, and of the ailhouse and ailhouse crofts. 
(Ant. A. and B. ibid., and R.M.S., III., No 
589.) Date of Ch. 3 August 1549, date of Con- 
firmation 24 July 1585. Glenbucket and Kirk- 
town of Glenbucket were separate estates in 1695. 

Soon after the Reformation, on 8 December 
1582, we find Arthur Skene, Vicar of the Parish 
Church of Glenbucket, who granted in feu farm 
to Alex. Forbes, commonly called Allaster 
Forbes, son of John F. in Colquharrie, the 
teindis of the Kirketoun and Kirk Glebe of the 
Vicarage of Glenbucket, with the ailhouse and 
crofts, reserving the liferent of the shadowy half 
to Robert Thomuilson, son and heir of the said 
Alex. Thomuilson. This charter was confirmed 
by K. James VI. by a charter under the Great 
Seal, dated Falkland, 24 July 1585 [R.M.S., III., 
No. 589]. (Ibid.) 

Only a few years later, in 1591, these church 
lands were alienated under a " Contract betwix 


Jhone Gordoun, appearand of Carrinbarrow, and 
Alaster Thomesoun, alias Mwesoun, of the Kirk- 
toun of Glenbuchyet." It is dated at Edinburgh, 
19 August 1591. The agreement bears that 
Alaster Thomesoun was the " oy and air," at 
the least appearand air, of umquhile Alexander 
Thomesoun of the Kirktoun of Glenbuchyet, his 
guidschir ; and that the said Allaster Thomesoun 
has sold to the said John Gordoune all and haill 
the town and landis called the Kirktoun of Glen- 
buchyet, for which the latter obliged himself to 
pay the sum of 200 merkis usual money of this 
realm. Abridged from the Register of Deeds. 
Vol. XXXVIII., fol. 145, MS. Gen. Reg. Ho., 
Edin. (Antiq A. and B., IV., p. 775.) 

John Gordoun shortly afterwards acquired ad- 
ditional lands in the same parish ; for on 3rd 
April 1594 John Gordoun, fiar of Carnburrow, 
and Helen Carnegy, his wife, were infeft in the 
lands of Easter and Wester Inverbuchties, be- 
fore these, among other, witnesses, Patrick 
Leslie of Kincraigie, John Forbes of New, 
Robert Couttis, fiar of Ouchtercowll, and James 
Abercrombie, fiar of Persie. Original in charter 
room at Duff House. (Ant. A. and B., IV., 
p. 450.) 

In 1592, we find mention of the name of 
"Johnne Gordoun of Glenbushet, younger of 
Carnborrow," in the Register of the Privy 
Council as relaxed from the horn, being one of 
those who were alleged to have been concerned 
in the burning of Donibristle and the slaughter 
of the Earl of Moray. (Reg. P.C., 16 March 
1592.) A week previously his nam© occurs in 
connection with the same matter in the same 
Register as "Johnne Gordoun, younger of Carn- 
burrow." Both "John G. of Cairnborrow " and 
his son John are mentioned occasionally in the 
Register. The son seems to have succeeded to 
Cairnborrow, but not to have retained it 
Gordon of Balbithan says that John, the eldest 
son, was laird of Cairnborrow and Edinglassie ; 
but that William, the third son, coft Cairn- 
borrow ; and a little further on he speaks of 
John as Laird of Cairnborrow and representative 
of the family of Cairnborrow. John married 
twice, first " a daughter of the laird of Water- 
toun (Bannerman)," and, secondly, " the lady 
Benum and lady Foveran." (Balb. MS., p. 34.) 
Query — Was Helen Carnegy Lady Foveran as 
relict of Robert Turing, and Lady Benum be- 
cause her husband bought Benholm ? 

Cairnborrow, however, seems to have been 


wadsetted or sold to a William Gordon, son of 
John Gordon of Tulligreig, Sheriff-Depute of 
Aberdeen, who was Commissary of Moray, and 
father of Alexander Gordon, one of the lads 
implicated in the rebellion at the Grammar 
School, Old Aberdeen, in 1612. William Gordon, 
with his son and heir, Alexander, and Helen 
Coutts, spouse of the latter, got sasine in Carn- 
borrow and Broadland 6 July 1625. (Aberd. 
Sasines, and see " Rec. of Aboyne," p. 236.) I 
take John of Tillygreig to be the same person 
as John G. of Bouges or Boiggis, of the Knoek- 
espock family. 

John of Edinglassie had by his first wife, 

Bannerman, issue as follows: — 

1. William, who is said by Balbithan to have 
got Rothiemay and the stock of Cairnborrow. 
2. Adam, who became Sir Adam Gordon, 
Knight, of Park, Glenbuichet, [?] Innermarkie, 
[?] Edinglassie, and Auchenhandoch. (Balb. 
MS.) 3. John, laird of Innermarkie, Edinglassie, 
&c, besides two daughters, of whom one married 
the laird of Brux, the other Robert Coutts, laird 
of Achterfoull [Auchtercoull]. I have added the 
words in brackets above. 

John, by his second wife, Helen Carnegy, re- 
lict of Robert Turing of Foveran, had no issue. 
(Balb. MS.) Dr Temple, in the " Thanage of 
Fermartyn," refers to charters granted to 
Robert Turin and Helen Carnegie in 1556 and 
1563, and to Robert Turin (being still alive) in 
1579-80, and witness to retour of Innes of Ard- 
grain ; and gives date of her first marriage as 
" circa 15*7." 

As already stated, John Gordoun acquired 
Glenbuchet in 1591, and Easter and Wester 
Inverbuchties in 1594, and at the latter date his 
wife's name is mentioned as being infeft therein 
along with him, and one of the witnesses was 
Robert Couttis, fiar of Ouchtercowl. 

Balbithan says that "he built the house of 
Glenbuicket, and that his wife's name is upon 
it : that he coft the lands of Benum [Benholm], 
had also Coffurach, Tynet, and Tulloch in the 
Enzie: that he sold the lands of Benum again, 
and with the money thereof assisted his two 
eldest sons to buy the lands and estates of 
Rothemay and Park from the Lord Salton 
(Abernethie), which cost them very dear, not 
only the price of the lands, but also continual 
trouble and law pleas, and the life and blood of 
two worthy gentlemen, lairds of Rothemay, the 
father and the son successively. Their father 


died in peace in the house of Edinglassie, and 
was honourably buried in the Kirk of Edinglassie, 
but should have been in the Kirk of Botarie, 
the ordinary burial-place of their family and 
good ancestors." 

It may be noted here that Rothiemay was sold 
by Abernethy of Saltoun to Sir William Stewart 
of Killeith in 1610, who re-sold the lands to John 
Gordon of Cairnborrow, or his son, William, 
who at any rate became laird of Rothiemay. 

John Gordon of Cairnborrow in his later days 
seems to have been known as "of Edinglassie." 
His second son, Adam, became Sir Adam of 
Park, and his third son became John of Inver- 
markie. He seems to have contracted a third 
marriage, and espoused Elizabeth Wishart, who 
is mentioned in the following charter, and John, 
her husband, seems to have been deceased by 
6 February 1624, if not earlier: — 

The King confirmed at Edinburgh on that 
date a charter, dated Aberdeen, 15 June 1620, 
granted by Patrick, Bishop of Aberdeen, and 
the Dean and Chapter of Aberdeen, ratifying a 
charter granted by Robert Innes of Balveny to 
the deceased John Gordoun, formerly of Ben- 
holm, and afterwards of Edinglassie, and to 
Elizabeth Wishart. his spouse, of the town and 
lands of Dumeathis, with the Brewhouse and 
pendicle called Lettachoirne (or Feathorne), in 
the diocese of Aberdeen, and Sheriffdom of 
Banff, to be held by the said John and Elizabeth 
in conjunct fee, and the heirs lawfully procreated 
between them, whom failing by John Gordoun 
of Invermarkie, younger son of the said John, 
his heirs male and assigns whomsoever, irre- 
deemably of the deceased Peter, Bishop of Aber- 
deen, in feu ferme, with a clause of novodamus 
by the said Peter in favour of the said John and 
Elizabeth. Date of Charter 15 June 1620. 

Sir Adam Gordon, John's second son, got 
sasine in Glenbucket 11 June 1620 ; John G. of 
Innermarkie got a sasine in 1621, apparently in 
June, but I have not got the details : he got 
another apparently in July 1625 ; and Sir Adam 
another in Innerbuchtics in 1628. John of 
Invermarkie was served heir of provision to 
John of Carneborrow, his father, in the town and 
lands of Edinglassie, with the fulling mill, town, 
and lands of Ovir Glenmarkie with Bowplaces 
and privilege of fue barony within the lordship 
of Balveny, AE. 35s., NE. £7: the town and 
lands of Tumethis with the brewhouse and 
pendicle called Letachoirne, within the dioceso 


of Aberdeen, E. 221. (Banff Spec. Serv., 4 Oct. 

Sir Adam is known rather as "of Park" than 
" of Glenbuchat." He was twice married, his 
first wife being Christian Gordon, daughter of 
the laird of Gicht, from whom were desoended 
the Gordons of Park. His second wife was 
Helen Tyrie, daughter of the laird of Drum- 
kilbo. By her he had 3 sons, viz. : — 1. Patrick 
Gordon of Glenbuchat. 2. Francis, who went to 
Poland and died there. 3. A son, who, accord- 
ing to Balbithan, was father of the Tutor of 
Glenbucket ; and the wife of the latter was, we 
know, Agnes Gordon, daughter of the laird of 
Badinscoth. (Balb. MS.) 

Patrick G. of Glenbucket, the eldest of these 
three brothers, married Jean, eldest daughter of 
Sir Robert Arbuthnot of that ilk, and relict of 
Alexander Burnett, younger of Leys. She is 
mentioned as "Jean Arbuthnott, now Lady 
Glenbucket," in the will of Sir Thomas Burnett 
of Leys, father of the deceased Alexander, 
dated 8 December 1652, in which Sir Thomas 
speaks of " my umquhill son, Alexander, his 
children begotten on Jean Arbuthnot, now Lady 
Glenbucket." (Family of Burnett of Leys, pp. 

Adam of Glenbucket, son of Patrick, married 
Jean Douglas, daughter of Douglas of Glen- 
bervie, and had by her Adam, called Captain 
Adam, who, according to the Balb. MS., " died 
in Holland of a decay"; Lieutenant Robert 
Gordon, said to be " alive in 1731 " ; and Ensign 
Alexander Gordon, "alive in 1731." It may be 
noted, too, that John, " the Tutor of Glen- 
bucket," had by Agnes Gordon also three sons, 
viz. : — John, Alexander, and little Captain Adam. 
(Balb. MS.) The question naturally arises who 
was the pupil to whom John was Tutor. I pre 
sume it was Adam, afterwards Captain Adam, 
son of Adam G. and Jean Douglas, a near re- 
lative on John's father's side ; or on the other 
hand that the pupil was John G., yr. of Knock- 
espock, afterwards " Old Glenbuckat," a nephew 
of John, the Tutor's wife, Agnes Gordon — her 
sister, Mary, was wife of John of Knockespock, 
elder, and as far as I can see, mother of "Old 
Glenbuckat." Having made out a rough copy 
of descent in tabular form, the latter seems to 
me the more probable. 

We learn from the Poll Book (1695-6) that 
Adam of Glenbucket was then deceased, and 
that "the valuation of that part of Glenbucket 


which belonged to the umquhil Adam G. of 
Glenbucket, was £740 ; and that Adam Gordon, 
his son, having renounced to be air to his deceast 
father before the Sheriff of Aberdeen and denyes 
to be heretor, is pollable only as a gentleman in 
£3 Scots of general poll." Thirteen holdings 
are mentioned, and in the upper part of the 
Glen, Badenyon, and others. We learn further 
that Jean Douglas was "lyverentrix of Glen- 
bucket," and Robert and Alexander are the 
sons, Margaret, Helen, and Jacobina the 
daughters ; " all these fyve children are unpro- 
vyded (Poll Book, Vol. I., pp. 517-18). These 
seem to be Jean Douglas's children. 

But at the same date, John Gordon of Kirkton 
of Glenbucket's valuation is also given as being 
£45 ; his wife .... [sic] Elizabeth his 
daughter : their poll 6s. each. I am inclined to 
take this John to be identical with John of 
Knockespock (1663), whose wife was Mary 
Gordon, daughter 0*1' Patrick Gordon of Baden- 

John Gordon, the "Tutor of Glenbucket," is 
mentioned under Town of Peterhead [Vol. I., 
p. 569], his valued rent being given up at Meth- 
lick : his lady, Agnes Gordon ; his son, Alex- 
ander ; and his daughters, Elizabeth, Helen, and 
Jean Gordons. This John seems to be the John 
G. who was also of Erdo, parish of Methlick ; 
his valuation £340 (Poll Book, II., pp. 224-25). 
Methlick, however, here appears to be a mistake 
for Logiebuchan, as it is described in Poll Book 
and valuation given (Poll Book, II., 224-5). 

On the whole, it seems probable that Adam 
Gordon, the husband of Jean Douglas, sold that 
part of Glenbucket which belonged to him, sub- 
ject to her liferent ; and I take the purchaser 
to have been the John Gordon, who got sasine 
in Knockespock in 1663, and the John Gordon 
of Knockespock whose valuation in the parish 
of Clatt is given in the Poll Book as £225. He 
was at the same time principal tenant of the 
lands of Arclach, parish of Dunbennan. His 
poll there was £9 6s. 8d. His family — Mary 
Gordon, his wife ; John Gordon, his eldest son, 
aged 20 ; Alexander, his second son, aged 8 ; 
Elizabeth, his daughter, aged 12 ; poll, 6s. each 
(Poll Book, Vol. I., p. 467.) These entries must 
refer to a man of means. 

I take this Mary Gordon to be the daughter 
of Patrick Gordon of Badinscoth (see Balb. MS. 
under "Terpersie," p. 48). 

In confirmation of this point I find that Sir 

<f 0os * Q 


Alexander Cuming of Culter, writing to Mr 
Alex. Thomson of Portlethen, "his doer," on 
7 July 1720, in reference to a proposed purchase 
of lands, and in particular of Glenbucket, ex- 
presses the " hope that Barns has concluded a 
bargain, for he does not desire to be consulted 
about the price," and adds "that what Barns 
and Portlethen agreed to, he himself would stand 
to, though Glenbucket be his nephew." Barns 
was James Gordon of Barns, son of Patrick 
Gordon of Badinscoth, and brother of Mary 
Gordon, the wife of John G. of Knockespock. 
Thus Barns was uncle of John G., yor. of 
Knockespock and of Glenbucket. Sir Alexander 
Cuming's letter will be given in full further on 
under " Old Glenbucket." 

The objeot of this long digression, for which 
some apology may be thought due, is to endea- 
vour to show who the laird of Knockespock was 
that succeeded George of Knockespock about 
1663. I hold certainly not George's son. From 
the above extracts I am much inclined to 
identify John Gordon, whose valuation is given 
in the parish of Clatt as £225. with John Gordon, 
first of "Kirkton of Glenbuckat" and "elder of 
Knockespock," and later also "of Glenbuckat 
elder," by the end of the century, especially as 
the name of his wife is given in the Poll Book 
at the place quoted as Mary Gordon, and his 
eldest son's name as "John, aged 20." Old 
Glenbucket mentions in a letter, which will be 
given below, dated August 1747, that his age 
was 74, and that he was old and infirm. This 
would make him 22 in 1695-6. 

If this view is correct, we have here the de- 
scent of John Gordon of Glenbucket of 1715 and 
1745. I think, too, that John Gordon, his 
father, may have been a son of Captain John 
Gordon, the brother of William Gordon of 
Knockespock, or a grandson of Robert Gordon 
in Clatt, the uncle of Captain John. In either 
of these cases he was a direct descendant of the 
early lairds, and recovered the family estate of 
Knockespock. Further, if he was a son of the 
said Captain John Gordon, his mother was pro- 
bably a sister of Colonel Nathaniel Gordon of 
Ardlogie, of the Gicht Gordons. (Balb. MS.. 
p. 17.) It would be very interesting if proof 
could be got that "Old Glenbucket" had some 
of the old Gicht blood in him. 

I may here mention, however, that I find in 
a copy of a pedigree of the Glenbucket family, 
which I understand was either framed by or in 


possession of the late Mr C. Dalrymple, and was 
lent to me by Colonel Allardyce of Culquoich, 
that a daughter of Sir Adam Gordon of Glen- 
bucket by his second wife, Helen Tyrie, married 
Gordon of Knockespock, and the words "a quo 
Glenbucket " are there added ; but I think it 
improbable that such a marriage took place, and 
that it is pretty oertain that this John of Knock- 
cspock's wife was Badinscoth's daughter. 

The eldest son of Sir Adam by his 2nd wife 
was Sir John Gordon of Park ; the second son, 
Patrick G. of Glenbucket, the father of Adam 
G., who married Jean Douglas, Glenbervie ; but 
there was a younger son, who married and was 
the father of the John Gordon, Tutor of Glen- 
bucket, who married Agnes Gordon, Badinscoth ; 
also a daughter, Patrick's sister, and sister of 
the father of the Tutor. She is said to have 
married Gordon of Knockespock : if so, and if 
this same Knockespock and the Tutor married 
two sisters (Badinscoth's daughters), I presume 
it follows that the Tutor's aunt must have been 
the first wife of John G. of Knockespock. I 
think all this hypothesis very improbable, and 
still more so (judging by the Poll Book), that 
"Old Glenbucket" was her son; indeed, I hold 
that Sir Alex. Cuming's letter proves that this 
was not the case. 

Again, it should be remembered that Balbithan 
himself was of the Park Gordons, and, writing 
about comparatively near relatives and contem- 
poraries. His statements are fairly explicit, and 
he gives no hint of " Old Glenbucket " being of 
Park descent, writing also probably more than 
ten years after 1715 ; so if a daughter of Sir 
Adam Gordon of Glenbucket did marry a 
Gordon of Knockespock, I think it must be one 
that never succeeded. I have already referred 
to Balbithan's statements being confirmed by the 
Poll Book. 

It is probable that John of Knockespock ac- 
quired Glenbucket by degrees, beginning with 
the Kirktown. There can be no doubt that in 
the beginning of the 18th century John Gordon 
of Glenbucket was served heir to his father, 
John Gordon of Knockespock. 

The sasines given above show that John 
Gordon of Knockespock got a sasine therein, 
dated 13 October 1663, registered 2 December 
following, on a Disposition to him granted by 
Mr Patrick Anderson of Knockespock of the 
town and lands of Knockespock, Nether Knock- 
espock, Sowiefourt, Craig with mill therein, in 


the parish of Rhynie, dated as above. One ot 
the witnesses was a James Gordon, brother of 
the said John. Six years later we find this 
John of Knockespock granting a Renunciation 
of a wadset made to him by Patrick G. of Badin- 
scoth of part of the Barony of Auchterless. (See 
sasine given above.) One of the witnesses to 
this renunciation was John Gordon, the Tutor 
of Glenbucket, of the old Glenbucket family, 
and the husband of Agnes Gordon, Badinscoth 
Their issue, according to the Balb. MS., p. 37, 
was (1) George, (2) Alexander, (3) Little Captain 
Adam Gordon. 

John, the laird of Knockespock, according to 
the same MS., p. 48, married [Mary] daughter 
of Patrick Gordon of Badinscoth, and sister of 
the Agnes just mentioned, and by her he had 
issue two sons and one daughter, viz. : — 

1. John, his eldest son, who, according to my 
view, was as John Gordon of Glenbucket served 
heir to his father, John Gordon of Knockes- 
pock, on 26 January 1705. As to the terms of 
the service, see a little further on. He was 
born apparently about 1675, being aged 20 in 
1695, when his father, styled John Gordon of 
Knockespock, was principal tenant of Arclach, 
parish of Dunbennan, being an heritor of £225 
of valued rent in Clatt parish. (Poll Book, I., 
467, already quoted.) 

2. Alexander, b. about 1687 (same authority) 
1. Elizabeth, b. about 1683 (same authority). 
The service of John, junior, in 1705, which will 

be given below, shows the extent of the pro- 
perty of Knockespock at that date. 

In the Records of the* Kirk-Session of Clatt 
we find the name of John Gordon of Knockes- 
pock entered as an elder of the parish in 1663-4, 
in 1667-9, and in 1680-2. 

Further mention of him is also found as fol- 
lows : — "John Gordon, an elder in Clatt," was 
"one of several elders present at what was 
called "the Exercise of Alford," held at Clatt. 
21 July 1680. ("Rec. of the Exerc. of Alford." 
Hist. Papers relative to Jacobite Period. New 
Spald. Club, Vol. I., p. 316.) 

It may be here noted that in the list of noble- 
men and gentlemen of the shire of Aberdeen 
who oonvened within the laich tolbuith of Aber- 
deen on 2 December 1659. the name of any laird 
of Knockespock does not occur; that of " Glen- 
buckett," with "[Patrick Gordon]" added in 
brackets is found there, also Laird Auchlesne 
[Query — who?], John Gordon of Blaelock. Tar- 


persie Gordoune, Harie Gordoune of Auchleyne, 
Patrick Gordoune of Cultis, and Laird of Craig, 
Gordoune, of those belonging more or less to 
the country near Clatt. (" Rec. of Aboyne,'' 
p. 322.) 

In a list of heritors of Aberdeenshire who gave 
bond for good behaviour in Strathdon in Oct. 
1699 occurs "John Gordon of Knockespack, his 
men in Glenbucket." (Notes from "Historical 
Papers relative to the Jacobite Period, 1699- 
1750," by Colonel James Allardyce, Vol. L, 15.) 

In a bond given by heritors in the Presbyteries 
of Kincardine and Alford to concert measures 
for the peace of the country, 26 April 1700, occur 
the names of John Gordon of Knockespock 
(younger), George Gordon of Terpersie, John 
Gordon of Law, and James Gordon of Newbig- 
ging. The last-mentioned was, I presume, the 
eldest son of Harry of Auchlyne, and brother of 
George Gordon, who a short time afterwards 
purchased Knockespock. (Ibid., p. 20.) 

"John Gordon, elder of Knockespock," was 
one of many heritors who met to concert mea- 
sures for securing themselves against depreda- 
tions and robberies in April 1700. (Ibid., p. 22.) 

On the other hand, we find Adam Gordoun 
of Glenbucket, along with several elders, present 
at a meeting held at Glenbucket, 27 July 1687. 
(Ibid., p. 383.) 

It seems certain that Patrick Gordoun of 
Glenbucket was succeeded as laird by his son 
Adam, who married a daughter of Douglas of 
Glenbervie, and had a son, Captain Adam 
Gordon, who was deceased by 1695, and had a 
son, Adam, who was considered laird of Glen- 
bucket, and held liable as such to pay poll tax 
as proprietor of the estate, but that he renounced 
to be air to his deceast father before the Sheriff 
of Aberdeen and denyed to be a heritor ; and 
that this point was allowed, and he paid tax only 
as a gentleman. I find no retour of his service 
as heir. As has been argued above, I infer that 
John G. of Kirktown of Glenbucket, being 
identical with John of Knockespock, thereupon 
acquired the rest of the lands of Glenbucket, 
either through a wadset or by purchase, and 
perhaps made that property over to bis son (who 
seems to have been then a young man), but re- 
tained for himself Knockespock, and his own 
designation as laird thereof. It must be ad- 
mitted that the son continued to be called 
"younger of Knockespock" up to the time he 
succeeded his father. 


In confirmation of this view I have received 
from Rev. Andrew Meldrum, minister of Logie- 
rait, just in time to be added here the following 
sasine, for which I am much indebted to him : — 

" 1701 . John Gordon, elder of Knockes- 

pock, and John Gordon, younger of, his sone, 
sasine of the lands of Inverbuoket and others, 
viz. — Milntown, Ballandmoir [now Bellamore], 
Balnaoraig, Balnaboth, Badinzone, Reillwallochs, 
Ballaohdowie, and Ballaglach [Balnaglack]." 

Mr Meldrum's mother, a Gordon, and his wife 
both claim some connection with the Glenbucket 
Gordons. The names of places mentioned in 
this sasine are nearly the same as those in the 
sasine of Patrick Gordon of Glenbucket, dated 
12 February 16*2. 

John, senior, of Knockespock died in October 
1704. (Thomson's Retours of Special Services, 
26 January— 5 February 1705.) 

JOHN GORDON VII. of Knockespock was 
certainly "younger of Knockespock," and was 
also of Glenbucket at the time of his succession. 

His service as heir is as follows, as taken from 
" Libri actorum curiae Vicecomitatis de Aber- 
deen MS. in archivis ejusdem," apud Antiq 
Aberd. and Banff : — 

" Jan. 26, 1705. Special service of John Gor- 
doun of Glenbucket as nearest heir to his father 
John Gordoun of Knockespack in ... . 
the town and lands of Over Knockespack, with 
the manor place, gardens, &c, and outsettis . 

. . . called Suyfoord and Longphuird, and 
also the town and lands of Nether Knockespack 
called the Newtoun of Knockespack, with the 
mill, mill lands, astrict multures, .... 
houses, &c, with power of [digging] the peats 
and turfs in the moss of Auchlyn, and carting, 
selling, and carrying away the same and pertin- 
ents whatsoever — lying in the parish of Clatt and 
shire of Aberdeen : with the tithes of said lands 
and vicarage tithes — lately held of the Bishop of 
Aberdeen, and now held of the Queen — in feu 
ferine fee and heritage perpetually for yearly 
payment of 24 pounds 4s. and 4d. at two terms 
of the years .... and doubling said feu 
ferme on the entry of each heir or assignee to 
the lands and others foresaid with the pertin- 
ents for every other burden." (Antiq. A. and 
B., Vol. IV , 500-1.) 

This laird is hardly known as "of Knockes- 
pock," but he filled a conspicuous position as 
"Gordon of Glenbucket" for nearly half a 


He is said to have married a daughter of 
Forbes of Boyndlie (a cadet of Monymusk) in 
1731 : if so, I presume she was his second wife. 

He had certainly a son John, who is described 
in 1746 as follows: — " Son to Glenbuckat, Auch- 
reachan : raised men for the rebels : took the 
name of Colonel, but was not above a week with 

He had also a grandson " William Gordon, 
grandson of Glenbucket, Auchreachan: was a 
Captain in the rebel army." (See List of 
"Prince Charlie's Friends" given in "Histo- 
rical Notes " by D. Murray Rose, 1897.) 

Glenbucket was a consistent and enthusiastic 
supporter of the Stuart cause throughout a 
long life, and took an active part in both the 
Jacobite risings of 1715 and 1745 : his career is 
a matter of history. He fought in the first line 
at Sheriffmuir along with the Captain of Clan- 
ranald, Glengarry, Sir John Maclean, Brigadier 
Ogilvy, and two brothers of Sir Donald Mac- 
donald of Sleat. He had a General's commis- 
sion in 1738, for Mr Edgar wrote to Glenbucket 
a letter dated Rome, 22 December 1747, stating 
— " The King sends to the Prince the duplicate 
of your commission of Major-General. I find 
by Hi9 Majesty's book of entrys that the one 
lost was dated 28 Jany. 1738, so the one now 
sent is of the same date : but you will excuse its 
not being writ in parchment, on which I have 
never yet writ any commission of that kind." 
(Stuart Papers apud Brown's " Hist, of the High- 
lands." This letter is marked with an asterisk 
to denote that it was copied from the original.) 
Glenbucket was charged by the Government 
of having forced men into rebellion ; and many 
writers have accused him of using cruel com- 
pulsion : can any one reasonably doubt that he 
thought he was only doing his duty in terms of 
his commission in impressing men that were un- 
willing for what he considered the King's ser- 
vice? Press-gangs for the British Navy were 
employed to a much later date. 

There is an anecdote related by Captain Burt 
in " Burt's Letters from the Highlands " which 
must, I think, refer to this Glenbucket : it be- 
longs to the early part of his career. 

" Gordon, laird of Glenbucket, had been in- 
vested by the D[uke] of G[ordon] in some lands 
in Badenoch, by virtue, I think, of a wadset or 

" These lands lay among the Macphersons, 
but the tenants of that name refused to pay rent 


to the new landlord or to acknowledge him as 
such. Glenbucket thereupon took steps to eject 
them, but the tenants resolved to put a stop to 
his suit. 

"Five or six young fellows, sons of gentle- 
men, got into his hut, expressed regret for the 
dispute, their readiness to acknowledge him as 
their landlord and to pay him their rent, at. the 
same time urging him to withdraw his process, 
and that thus all would go well. Meantime they 
were gradually getting nearer to the bed on 
which he was sitting, and suddenly fell upon 
him, slashing and stabbing him with their dirks. 
" Glenbucket, however, though badly wounded, 
got down his broadsword from the back of his 
bed, and beat off and drove the whole pack 
before him. The Duke took up his cause, sent 
troops, and forced these assailants to flee the 

Reference to the above event is made in the 
Introduction to 2nd Vol. "Hist. Papers, Jaco- 
bite Period," p. xxii., New Spald. Club, and also 
in a letter from Andrew M'Pherson of Banchor 
to James Macpherson, the translator of Ossian, 
dated 17 May 1770, where he refers to "that 
barbarous attempt made by our people on Gor- 
don of Glenbucket in the year 1725, the parti- 
culars of which, no doubt, you have frequently 
heard, when the Duke of Gordon, upon whose 
estate the Macphersons generally reside, deter- 
mined to expell them out of it root and branch." 
It would appear from this that Glenbucket re- 
turned to Badenoch after his banishment in 

We find that Colonel Gordon was bailie to 
the Marquis of Huntly in 1715 (who succeeded 
to the Dukedom in 1716) : his correspondence 
with the Marquis is given in "The Stuart 
Papers," a volume of which relative to "the 
'15" has just been issued by the Historical 
MSS. Commission in the autumn of 1902. 

The following is taken from a notice of the 
said volume in " The Aberdeen Free Press " of 
8th August 1902: — 

" The papers in the Scotch bundle do not be- 
gin till September [1715], the first being a com- 
mission to Colonel John Gordon to raise Lord 
Huntly' s men, dated the 12th September. That 
commission is as follows: — 

" ' Aboyne. To require and empower you to 
raise such of the Marquis of Huntly' s men and 
following as he shall direct you, with their best 
arms and accoutrements, and to obey his Lord 


ship's orders in your marching of them to join 
the King's forces, which will be on their march 
through Perthshire towards Stirling. You are 
likewise empowered to secure what arms and 
ammunition are in the hands of suspected per- 
sons in the neighbourhood of the said Marquis' 
countries, in which you are likewise to obey his 

" During the next two clays there are several 
letters to Col. John Gordon from Lord Mar, 
sending directions about raising men and order- 
ing him to join at the rendezvous at Mullen in 
Athole. and also from Lord Mar to Glengarry. 
The letter from the Earl of Mar to John Gor- 
don of Glenbuckct is as follows: — '1715, Sept. 
4 (15). Invercall. Warrant I send by express 
the enclosed accounts just received from the 
south, which I have likewise done to the Mar- 
quis of Huntly. You are by all means to pre- 
vent the joining of these people in Ross with 
Grant's men but take care you do not meet 
with a ruffle. Forward the enclosed, which is 
of consequence, by a safe road to the Marquis 
of Seaforth, as soon as possible, that he may 
join his men immediately with my Lord Huntly. 
but till he do so you are to do your best with 
Lord Huntly's own men and those who will join 
you. I wrote to you by Glengarry. If he be 
with you when you get this, communicate it to 
him, and if he be gone, send a copy after him 
immediately, and you are to follow what direc- 
tions he gives you. I expect to hear from you 
often, and that you lose no time now in going 
about the orders I gave you at Aboyne. 

' Postscript. — If Borlome younger be in this 
country, show him this. Enclosed.' 

" In connection with the same matter are the 
following letters: — 

" ' The Earl of Mar to the Laird of Glengarry, 
1715, September 11. — With the assistance of God 
I think we have a sure game if people's hearts 
do not fail them, but Invercall has infected a 
great many in Aberdeenshire, and some in An- 
gus seem backward till the King land, and are 
terrified at the summonses they are soon to 
have. However, I hope when they see us to- 
gether in arms, which they will now before 
their day of compearance, they'll take heart, but 
had they not had that to cheer them up what 
would have come of it? Postserijrt. — Be sure 
that neither waiting for those regiments nor sur- 
prising any or all of those outposts stop or re- 


tard your march, and General Gordon shall be 
with you before the 24th which you mention. I 
believe Mullen in Athole will be the place of 
your meeting, but this ought not to be known' 

[Note. — This General Gordon is Maj. Gen. 
Alexander Gordon of Auchintoul.] 

" ' The same to the same. 1715, September 
15, at night. Invercall. — I have met with abun- 
dance of difficulties and disappointments since 
you left me : and mostly occasioned by my un- 
grateful landlord, who, besides his own with- 
drawing, has done all the mischief by his bad 
example, malicious storys, and otherwise his 
weak understanding was capable of, though now, 
blest be God, I hope the worst of it is over. 
Lord Huntly acts the honourable part I ex- 
pected of him, and Glenbucket, his baily, is very 
diligent. I have reason to hope that some of 
the Strathspey people will join him. Lord 
Huntly's men of Badenoch, Strathavine, Glen- 
livet, Glenrenis, Auchindoun, and Cabrach, as 
Glenbucket just now writes me, were in armes 
yesterday, and he writes me too of Clunie's di- 
ligence, which, with what you write, makes me 
long to see him, and give him thanks in our 
Master's name. The Athole people are reddy 
against we come near them, and Lord Drum- 
mond is gone about his men, as I hope Earl 
Bredalbain and some others in Perthshire are 
busie about theirs. The Low Country gentle- 
men are mostly reddy to join us upon the first 
advertisement. I have been doing all I can to 
bring my cwn people together.' 

The remainder of the above letter refers to 
men raised in Strathdon and on Invercauld's 
estates, and to other matters, including his ex- 
pectation of "proclaiming the King here," and 
setting up his standard by the following Wed- 
nesday, and his sending Glenbucket ' a copy of 
our manifesto, which I have sent to London 
Edinburgh, and Aberdin to be printed and pub 
lisht as soon as they can, and when it's generally 
seen I doubt not of its moving the hearts of 
most of our countrymen, and it will soon be con- 
firmed by the King's declaration. 

'"Several letters in the beginning of Novem- 
ber relate to Colonel John Gordon's operations 
in Fife. A list of the killed and the prisoners 
at Sheriffmuir is given. The invasion from the 
North, headed by Lords Sutherland and Lovat, 
and by the Grants, was so threatening that on 
Nov. 18 (29) Colonel John Gordon was sent to 


raise all the men he could in Aberdeenshire and 
Banffshire to join James's army at Perth, but 
with orders to use his utmost endeavours to 
suppress and disperse all he should find appear- 
ing in those counties and northwards against 
James's interest. 

" Several letters early in December to Colonel 
John Gordon relate to his endeavours to raise 
men, and three from Gordon himself describe 
his success in holding the line of the Spey 
against Lord Sutherland and the Grants and 
Frasers, and his refusal of the proposal sent 
him by Grant of Wester Elchies that both par- 
ties should retire to their own houses till the 
spring, and the backwardness of the people in 
joining him. 

"The collection includes orders sent from 
Stirling on December 22 to Lord Lovat, desir- 
ing him and those with him to raise as many 
men as they could to prevent their neighbours 
from re-joining Lord Mar, and to attack them 
should they march south. On the other hand, 
Lord Huntly wrote to desire the Macdonalds 
and Camerons of Lochaber to raise their men 
and march with the utmost despatch, and the 
first letter of James after his arrival was to 
Lord Huntly to urge him to join Lord Seaforth 
and to lose no time in reducing Inverness. 

" A letter from Lord Mar to Colonel John 
Gordon intimates the King's wish that General 
Echlin assist Lords Huntly and Seaforth in the 
reduction of Inverness. Lord Huntly was again 
urged to do his utmost to finish the campaign 
in th e north and join the army at Perth. 
Huntly, however, prolonged his truce with Lord 
Sutherland. In a letter dated February 2, Lord 
Huntly invited Lord Lovat to join James's party, 
but on 11th February he wrote again that all 
his men were dispersed, and he himself was in 
concealment, and three days later he submitted 
to the Government, having received with their 
allowance from the Duke of Argyll assurances 
of life and fortune for himself and friends be- 
fore he left Perth. Further letters deal with 
the retreat from Perth and the embarkation of 
James, one being James's letter of adieu of 

These letters show Glenbucket's good and 
faithful service in his master's cause. 

The next one shows that Simon, Lord Lovat, 
had known him as a college friend, perhaps at 
the University of Aberdeen, perhaps at St 


Omer's, and desired to avail himself of his good 

"Honourable Sir, — I presume so much on your 
old college acquaintance, yt. I offer you my 
most humble service by this letter and beg ye 
favour of you to grant your friendship and pro- 
tection to ye Bearer, Mr M'Intosh of Blairigy, 
who is my relation, and any kindness you do 
him I shall take as done to myself, and I shall 
be proud to serve any person yt. you are con- 
cerned in, and you shall always find me, wt 
great esteem, 

Honourable Sir, 

Your most obedt. 
and most humble Servant, 
(Sd.) Lovat." 
Beaufort, ye of 1718. 

[Copied from the original MS., as shown at 
the Highland and Jacobite Exhibition at Inver- 
ness, 1903, lent by Andrew Meldrum, M.A., 

Some of the Culloden Papers contain passages 
which bear upon the question of the probability 
of Glenbucket's return to Scotland some years 
after 1715. 

A Mr James Stewart, writing from Edinburgh 
to Mr Duncan Forbes, under date 8 Nov. 1716, 
says near the end of his letter, " As to the list 
of landed gentlemen, who have been in the Re- 
bellion, and are either fled or skulking, I desire 
that they may be sent up with all despatch, 
seeing you need not wait the event of finding 
evidence against them : that being to be done 
either upon your own knowledge or common 
fame. And as to the list of evidence, I hope you 
will send it up as soon as it is possible to get it 
ready." (Culloden Papers, Letter No. lxxxix.). 

More than twenty years later there is a letter 
from the Lord Advocate to the Duke of New- 
castle, dated Inverary in Argyllshire, 5 August 
1729. Inter alia, he writes — 

" I have not heard that any of the Pretender's 
adherents have lately come into Scotland from 
abroad, neither do I know of any that have 
come over this year except my Lady Southesk ; 
who came over by His Majesty's permission, and 
Mr Fleeming, brother to Earl Wigton, who has 
lived in France upwards of 20 years, and came 
over last winter at his brother's desire, as I 
have been told, to be married." [The Earl 
had no son, and evidently hoped his brother 


would marry and have one : the brother suc- 
ceeded, but died unmarried.] His Majesty has 
been acquainted that Mr Stewart, late of Inner- 
nity, and two or three others, attainted persons, 
came over to Scotland in his late Majesty's 
reign in hopes of being paxdoned. and that hav- 
ing made application to the Crown by General 
Wade, who had instructions to receive submis- 
sions of such as seemed well disposed, they were 
permitted to live privately in the country, where 
they still remain very quiet and peaceable. 

" I cannot at present think of any other of 
the Pretender's adherents, who came from 
abroad without previous leave into Scotland, ex- 
cept General Gordon : he indeed has been in 
this country upwards of three years : and your 
Grace may remember I acquainted you with his 
arrival at the time, with this circumstance, that 
he declared it to be his intention to live his re- 
maining days peaceably at home : and that, 
tho' he was secure by the Laws, yet if his being 
in Scotland gave any umbrage to the Govern- 
ment, he would instantly return into voluntary 
exile : desiring me at the same time to give your 
Grace notice of his arrival and intention, which 
I accordingly did. The man has since that time 
lived inoffensive , so fax as I can hear, at his 
house in the country." (Culloden Papers, No. 

This must certainly refer to General Alex- 
ander Gordon of Auchintoul, who was one of 
those attainted for treason, but by being mis 
named "Thomas" in the Act of Attainder of 
1716, did not lose his estates. He escaped to 
France in 1717, but returned to Scotland in 1727, 
and lived there quietly. 

A quotation from a " History of the Principal 
States of Europe from the Peace of Utrecht" 
by Lord John Russell, given in " Chambers' 
Hist, of the Rebellion, 1715-16, is as follows: — 
"In 1717 an Act of Grace was passed by the 
King and two Houses of Parliament, by virtue 
of which the Earl of Carnwath, Lords Wid- 
drington, and Nairn were delivered from the 
Tower : seventeen other persons confined in 
Newgate, the prisoners in the Castles of Lancas- 
ter and Carlisle, and those in the Castles of 
Edinburgh and Stirling, including the Viscount 
of Strathallan and Lord Rollo, were likewise set 
free." Lord John then argues that " as much 
mercy was shown as was consistent with the 
safety of the established Government and the 
vindication of the rights of the people. 


The Lord Advocate, Duncan Forbes' s letters 
however show that very tew of the Jacobites 
who had escaped abroad ventured to return to 
Scotland. But the next letter seems to imply 
that before the date of it Glenbucket had ven- 
tured to come home, and that his having done 
so was known. 

Letter from Gen. Wade to the Lord Advocate 
From my hut at Dalnacardoch, Aug. 27, 1729. 
Inter alia, he says — 

"I have wrote to Willy Grant to be vigilant 
towards Gordon Castle, and to observe Glen- 
bucket's motions, who, I think, is a dangerous 
fellow, and who, I believe will be ready to play 
the fool if he is any way encouraged by the 
agents from abroad. (Culloden Papers, No. 

This seems to have induced Duncan Forbes 
to go and see for himself. 

The Lord Adv. to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Inter alia, he mentions having " made a trip 
since his last through Strathearn to Badenoch. 
and from thence across the country to Gordon 
Castle. (Culloden Papers, No. cxliv.). 

It is not clear whether General Wade meant 
that Glenbucket was in Scotland or not, but the 
attack made by some Macphersons in Badenoch 
is said to have been made in 1725. 

The latter's home was in Banffshire in his later 
days, if he had one. " Old Glenbucket's " 
house is said to have stood at Kamdillvaich 
[sic], near the pass and ford of Carnagoval on 
the Aven, (which is near the Conglass and Glen 
Brown], in the Tomintoul district, and on the 
road from Corgarff to the Braes of Abernethy. 
(See "Hist. Papers Jacobite Period " II., p. 
545.) I have seen it stated elsewhere that he 
lived at St Bridget's, which is close to Tomin- 
toul. Kamdillvaik is probably for Kamdell- 
mhor (i. e. Kamdell-vohr) called Camdellmoor 
at p. 547 of same volume. The ford of Garna- 
goul is there mentioned : the Gaelic names were 
probably Cam-dail-mhor and Carn-a-'gobhail. 

Some further interesting extracts from the 
"Culloden Papers" may be introduced here: — 

From a letter from the Lord President to the 
Duke of Gordon, dated Culloden, 14 August 
1745, showiag that the former hoped that Glen- 
bucket would not join in " the Rising " — 

" I have some confidence in my old friend. 
Glenbucket's, prudence and temper, that if he 
hear of the thing" [viz., the Prince's landing 


on the coast of Arisaig] he will give Glengarry 
good advice to prevent his certain destruction, 
and I doubt not he'll be ready to take it." 

From a letter from Cluny Macpherson to the 
Lord President, dated Cluny, 18 August 1745— 

" I read your Lo'p's letter to Killiehuntly in 
his own absence ; and it is certain that Glen- 
bucket passed thorrow this country, on his way 
to Glengarie, Wednesday last, he being seen 
and conversed with by severall of the country- 
men in his march that day ; and Peter Gordon, 
sometime the Duke of Gordon's bailie and 
factor in this country went along with him, and 
he is not yet returned." 

From a letter from Lord President to the 
Earl of Stair, dated Culloden, 20 August 1745— 

" Since Sir John Cope left vis, Glenbucket, 
with a few Highlanders, taking advantage of 
the D. of Gordon's state of health, which is at 
present bad. is in the neighbourhood of Strath- 
bogie and alongst Diveronside, busy trying to 
levie men for the Pretender's service, and prowl- 
ing about to intercept all intelligence. His 
success, according to the best of my informa- 
tion, is but indifferent as to his recruiting : no 
gentleman of any consideration has as yet joined 
him, and his money has been so scarce that he 
is levying a guinea upon the plough of land ; 
but the diligence of his adherents is such, that 
most letters are intercepted," &c, &c. 

Note. — The Lord President wrote on same 
date to Sir J. Cope to same effect. He wrote 
again to Sir John Cope from Culloden, 5 Sept. 
1745. The following is a short summary of his 
letter. He tells him of the foot post to Inver- 
ness having been seized by the rebels, and hav- 
ing just come in and afforded information on 
various points. Among other items he stated 
that Glenbucket was not with the rebels, but 
had gone down to the low country to try to 
raise men, and that he had placed small guards 
in all the passes of the mountains to intercept 

In a letter from Sir John Cope to the Lord 
President, dated 10 September 1745, he men- 
tions that Glenbucket has not above 300 men 
out of these parts. 

The next is from a letter from Lord Lovat 
to the Lord President, dated 20 April 1745: — 

"For Glenbucket and I had a quarrel ever 
since Glenbucket threatened the Stratherrick 


people to bring down the force of Badenoeh 
upon them if they did not pay their rents to 
Fraserdale. As to my cousin, Inveralachy, the 
character that your Lordship gives him is very 
just, for I do assure you that he is a gentleman 
of very good sense and understanding, and far 
from being a fool, and was so cautious and 
prudent in his proceedings and ordinary trans- 
actions as any that lives in the shire that he is 
in. Besides he knows his birth too well to go 
under Glenbucket's command on any considera- 
tion whatever ; so that the part of the story 
attributed to him is as grossly false as any part 
of the story." (Culloden Papers.) 

Shortly after the battle of Gladsmuir or 
Preston 21 September 174-5, and Prince Charlie's 
occupation of Edinburgh, he was joined there 
on the 3rd of October by Lord Ogilvy, eldest 
son of the Earl of Airlie, with a regiment, of 
about 600 men, and on the following day by 
Gordon of Glenbucket, now an old man, but as 
zealous as ever in his support of the Stuarts. 

Glenbucket had received a commission as 
Major-General from James, his king, in 1738 
(see Stuart Papers) ; but he was now contented 
with the colonelcy of the regiment he had just 
raised, in which his eldest son, John, was Lieut. - 
Colonel, and his grandson, William, a Captain. 
Several of the other officers belonged to 
families that were his neighbours and friends 
in Strathaven. He brought with him to Edin- 
burgh a body of about 4-00 men, which he had 
raised in Strathdon, Strathaven, Glenlivet, 
Auchindoun, and probably in the Cabrach. 

When the Highland army, after reaching 
Falkirk in their retreat northwards under Lord 
George Murray in January 1746, was drawn up 
near Bannockburn, with Hawley's threatening 
and superior force then lying at Falkirk, and 
was expecting an attack from the latter, about 
1000 or 1200 men were left under Gordon of 
Glenbucket to protect their trenches and con- 
tinue the blockade of Stirling Castle. This was 
done on the 15 January old style. 

The somewhat indecisive battle of Falkirk 
took place on the 17th, in which Hawley's troops 
suffered heavier loss than the Highlanders, and 
Hawley retreated to Edinburgh, acknowledging 
defeat. But shortly afterwards the English 
force, now under the command of the Duke of 
Cumberland, again advanced from Edinburgh at 
the beginning of February, and meantime the 
Prince, yielding to the advice of the chiefs and 


superior officers of his army, had commenced 
his retreat to the North. 

At Culloden Glenbucket's regiment was in 
column on the left of the second line, flanked 
by the Perth squadron of horse under Lords 
Strathallan and Pitsligo. After that disastrous 
defeat he effected his escape from the battle- 
field, and was hunted from place to place for 
many months, during which he eluded his pur- 
suers by assuming the garb of a beggar and 
letting his beard grow. At last in the month of 
November he got on board a Swedish vessel 
and landed in Norway. An old, broken-down 
man, who had been attainted after 1715 and 
excepted from the Act of Indemnity passed in 
June 174-7 in favour of many who had taken a 
subordinate part in the Rising of 1745-6, he 
lived in great poverty till his death about three 
years afterwards. 

A very interesting memento of the old Colonel 
and the battle of Culloden is now in possession 
of Hugh Gordon Lumsden of Clova, Aberdeen- 
shire, in whose museum there I saw it on 8 
August 1903. It is an old-fashioned musket of 
the period, and has a label attached with the 
following inscription: — "Gordon, laird of Glen- 
bucket, Captain of Prince Charles' Guard at Cul- 
loden, used this gun in that engagement. After 
the battle Glenbucket fled to France. His 
henchman, Begg, brought it back, and hid it 
in a moss when the Government took up the 
armament throughout the Scottish glens." 

The gun escaped the minute search made 
under the disarming Acts until it could with 
safety be removed from its hiding place. 

A photograph of Glenbucket's banner is 
given in Colonel Allardyce's interesting "His- 
torical Papers," which I hoped on first sight 
might prove to bear the arms of his own family, 
but after further inspection and consulting a 
friend, skilled in heraldry, I find to be those of 
the Duke of Gordon, whose tenants and retainers 
from the Highland districts of His Grace's 
estates formed the regiment which Glenbucket 

The arms of Gordon of Glenbucket, as given 
in Sir James Balfour Paul's " Ordinary of 
Arms" were azure a saltire between three boars' 
heads erased or, within a bordure counter-com- 
pany of the second and first ; but there is no 
date to help one to determine which Glenbucket 
bore them. I have no doubt they belonged to 
Glenbuckets of the Park family. In Burke's 


Armoury, Edition 1847, the arms are given thus : 
— " Gordon, Glenbucket, Scotland (a cadet of 
Rothemay) — az., a chevr. between three boars' 
heads eras, or, within a bordure counter-com- 
pony of the second and first. Crest, a boar's 
head couped and erect, surmounted by an adder 
disposed orleways. Motto, Victrix patientia." 
No date. Probably both refer to the oldest 
Gordons of Glenbucket. 

Although Glenbucket effected his escape from 
Scotland about seven months after the battle 
of Culloden, evidence was collected to be used 
against him in case of his capture. Depositions 
against Jacobites are given in Col. Allardyce's 
book, Vol. II., and at pp. 353-4- occur those 
against Glenbucket, of which the following is 
a summary : — 

Charles Campbell deposed "that he saw him 
frequently at Edinburgh in October [1745] with 
the rebels in a highland dress and pistols, and 
march in a hostile manner at their head. That 
on 10 November he commanded about 200 of 
the Duke of Gordon's people at Redcliffe. . 
That he is an old man much crouched." 

John Vere, "that he went by the name of 
'Glenbucket,' and answered to that name; rode 
on a little gray highland beast ; marched with 
rebel a/my between Manchester and Wigan in 
December last." 

John Gray, that " he was called ' General 
Gordon of Glenbucket ' ; that he was Commis- 
sioner of [ ] for the Pretender at the time 
of the battle of Falkirk in January last ; that 
he had known Glenbucket eight years before ; 
that he was a very old man." 

James Barclay, " that he saw him act as 
General ; that he was called ' General Gordon ' ; 
saw him march with the rebels from Edinburgh 
into England and back again to Glasgow all the 
way ; that he is not very tall, but a very old 
man, and lies forward." 

John Hastie deponed to his having seen him 
in arms in England at the head of a body of 
men of the rebel army from November to Feb- 
ruary, and knew him before the Rebellion. 

The following very interesting letter, in which 
the old laird gives an account of himself, is No. 
CXV. of "The Stuart Papers," published in 
the Appendix to Browne's "History of the 
Highlands," one copied from the original: — 

"Mr Gordon of Glenbucket, commonly called 
' Old Glenbucket,' to Mr Edgar-,- 


" Dear Sir, — I doubt not you was surprised 
I neither writ since I came from Rome; but I 
unluckily left the key you gave me at parting, 
which I hope will plead my excuse, for I was 
looked pretty close to after I got home for some 
time by reason of representation of the Duchess 
of Gordon had given Sir Robert Walpole that 
I was gone to Rome, and her grounds were Mr 
Peter Grant, the Churchman (came with me to 
Rome), had waited of her at Newcastle, told 
her he expected me at Newcastle, and waited 
for me there to go with him to Rome. This 
story, indeed, was like to have brought me to 
trouble ; but by assistance of friends I got over 
it, though indeed it obliged me to act very 
cautiously ; yet by ways and means I made it 
my business to keep up a spirit amongst the 
King's friends until the Prince came, who I had 
the pleasure to wait off when arrived (old and 
infirm as I was) amongst the first, and continued 
with him till that fatal and unhappy day at 
Culloden, and since that time it is not possible 
to represent what dangers and fatigue His Royal 
Highness underwent ; and for my part, all looks 
on me as a miracle that escaped, considering 
my situation of health and age. It would be 
too long a tale to give an account of all ; but 
I thank God I got this length after all this mis- 
fortune has befallen me. I do not despair, but 
hope to live to see the King restored is my 
earnest prayer and wish. I am now a very poor 
man, 74 years of age, banished my country and 
attainted, — my house burnt, my wife and family 
obliged to leave the country where I lived, and 
go amongst her relations, and I (a word here 
illegible) [sic] supported meanly on their charity. 
The damned Government of England had such 
spite and malice against me, that when all was 
burnt, and taken away her back clothes and 
childrens, she got into a poor cottage, a tenant's 
house, there came a party to burn it, and did 
burn the next, which obliged her in the melan- 
choly situation the children were. I had come 
out of a desert that morning, twelve miles from 
any country, where I had lain 48 hours under a 
rock, and had travelled terrible rocks and moun- 
tains in a prodigious rainy night ; and after I 
had got a bit of meat, suoh as my wife had to 
give, I laid myself down on a little straw to 
rest, but behold I was not lain three minutes, 
when I was told there was a party within half-a- 
mile, which obliged me to make off in haste 
The party came before I got to a hill on the 


other side of a river, and burnt a house at the 
door where my wife and children staid, which 
obliged them to remove in all haste. I retired 
to a little wood and continued there till night, 
when I travelled till daybreak, and lay in a hill 
all the day. Some parties were near me search- 
ing ; however, I was not found. When the night 
came I went to a poor man's house and changed 
my clothes with his rags, prevailed with poor 
man to go along with me, and he put me down 
to the coast in the low country and returned, 
where I turned beggar, and allowed my hair to 
grow on my face, but that could not save me 
Whatever disguise I put myself in I had the 
misfortune to be suspected. Parties were sent 
from all places to search all the shires of Aber- 
deen and Banff for me, and not spare money 
to find me. In this way I continued for some 

" At length I got a Swedish ship, and got 
myself privately in the night-time aboard on 25 
November, and landed in Norway, where I fell 
very bad. I continued there till March. I took 
such roads through great mountains, rocks, and 
woods in stormy, snowy weather, travelled in a 
slade for 5 or 600 miles, travelled without horse, 
that before I got to Sweden was exhausted. I 
got to a place in Sweden called Stromstade — 
was able to go no further — took bed how soon 
I came there — fell in a fever for a month — no- 
body expected life for me — people sitting by me 
every night, still expecting when I should 
breathe out my last ; yet it has pleased (God) 
to recover me, and I have got here where His 
Royal Highness does me great honour. There 
is such malice against me, that I understand 
they put a price of 1000 pounds on my head ; 
but I hope to see the King restored and more 
heads go off or mine goes. I have troubled you 
too long with such unlucky story ; and now T 
must tell you what troubles me more : all my 
loss is the commission which His Majesty was 
pleased to honour with in 1738 years, when I 
was at Rome, was taken amongst my papers, 
when my house was robbed and burnt, but am 
hopefulle His Majesty will renew it. Its date, 
if I mind rightly, was the 2nd of February, when 
he was pleased to design me in the Major- 
General's commission, and old John Gordon of 
Glenbucket [sic], which approved of the com 
mission I had from Earl Mar. I had not the 
boldness to apply to His Majesty myself (I must 
own I have not great assurance to demand 


favours for myself) ; but my dear Mr Edgar, 
amongst all the rest of his: many favours, does 
me the favour to speak to the King. 

" I am hopeful he will do me the happyness 
to comply, and if it is my good fortune he does 
(for I esteem the honour more than anything this 
side of time), I would beg the commission 
should be writ on parchment, because paper 
cuts, and even loses the seal, which was the 
occasion I had it laid amongst my papers, and 
did not carry it about me. 

" I hope you'l make my good wishes and my 
blessing acceptable to His Majesty, and pardon 
this trouble, which with an offer of my service, 
which at present is not worth while of offering, 
yet you'l be so good as to believe none can 
wish you better, nor have greater regard and 
respect for you than 

" Dr Mr Edgae, 
Tour most affectionate, most humble, and 
obedient servant, 

" (Signed) J. Goedon. 
" St Ouen, 21st August 1747." 

A footnote is added : " Glenbucket died in 
June 1750." 

That poor old Glenbucket's wishes were not 
disregarded is shown by the next two letters. 

No. CXIX. of the series of "Stuart Papers" 
is a holograph letter from Prince Charles to 
the Chevalier de St George, dated " St Ouen, 
2nd October 1747." It runs: — 

"I have received yours -of the 12th September, 
and have punctually obeid your orders in regard 
of good Glenbucket, who is penetrated with your 
Majesty's gracious expressions and goodness for 
him. I take the liberty to send your Majesty 
in this packet a picture of mine just made by 
a skilful hand for this country, but do not think 
it comes up to those in Italy. My bust in marble 
will, I hope, be soon dune, and is much ad- 
mired for its being singularly like. 

" (Signed) ChaelesP." 

No. CXXIL, also holograph, is from Mr Edgar 
to Gordon of Glenbucket: — 

"Rome, 22 December 1747. 
" The King sends to the Prince the duplicate 
you want of, your commission of Major-General. 
I find by His Majesty's book of entrys that thej 
one lost was dated 28 January 1738, so the one" 
now sent is of the same date ; but you will 


excuse its not being writ in parchment, on which 
I have never yet writ any commission of that 

Letter No. CXXIV. of same series is interest- 
ing as showing at least the desire of affording 
some aid to the distressed and exiled supporter! 
of the Stuarts. It is headed "Etat des Gratifi- 
cations proposers pour les Ecossoir." A few 
only out of 44 names and the amounts may be 
given here: — 

" Le Lord Nairne, .. 2400 
Mr Macdonald de 

Clanranald, . . 1800 
Glengary V Ain6, . . 1800 
Le Chevalier Maclean, 1800 
Gordon deGIenbuchet, 1500 
Jean Townle, . . 1200 

Oliphant de Gask, 

senior, .. .. 1200 
Gask, junior, . . 1000 

Le Chevalier Baronet 

Murray, .. .. 1000 
Louis Cameron de 

Torcastle 1000 

Cameron de Calart, 900 
Hebarn de Keit, . . 800 
Gordon de Dorletliver 

(Dorlaithers), . . 800 
Lumisden, .. .. 600 
Gordon de Hahead, 10C0 
Gordon de Coubardie, 600 

Among some notes added at the end of the 
list we find — "on oroit qu'il servit juste que 
Mr Gordon de Glenbucket eut 2000 livres au lieu 
de 1500 ayant servi en qualite de Marechal de 

Paper No. CLXXIV. is an account current, 
Prince Charles with George Waters, junior, 
banker, Paris, from January 28 1748 to January 
15 1749. It includes many disbursements made 
during that period, and has at the end a list of 
payments left out in former accounts to the 
amount of 12,800 livres. Among the payments 
here included are: — 

To Gordon of Glenbuchet, 1300") 

2100 livres. 

With regard to Glenbucket's landed estates, 
it will be remembered that he was served heir 
to his father, John Gordon of Knockespock, in 
Over and Nether Knockespock and other lands. 
He seems to have been unable to keep these, 
and to have been obliged to sell them almost 
immediately to his kinsman, George Gordon, son 
of the laird of Auchline, a small neighbouring 

I suspect that Glenbucket was heavily 
burdened, and that he owned only part of the 
Glen. As an instance of the burdens, Patrick 
Barclay, alias Gordon of Rothiemay and Towie. 
was retoured heir of John G. of Rothiemay, his 


father, in an annual rent of £104, corresponding 
to £2600, of the town and lands of Overtoun of 
Glenbucket and Fairntoul, within the parish of 
Glenbucket. E. Id. albae firmae, 5 Oct. 1698. 
(Retours Special Aberdeenshire.) 

In any case, although he retained the designa- 
tion " of Glenbucket," he was attainted after 
taking part in the rising of 1715-16 ; and I am 
not aware that he was afterwards released from 
the effects. 

I find among the letters produced in a long 
Process raised by Alexander Irvine of Drum 
and his curators for the setting aside the reduc- 
tion of the entail of the Drum estates (the first 
entail recorded under the Act of 1685), in the 
latter part of the 18th century, one from Sir 
Alexander Cuming of Oulter to Alexander Thom- 
son of Portlethen, his doer, dated 7 July 1720, 
referring to proposed purchases of land ; an ex- 
tract from which has been already quoted. In 
the course of it he says: "As to Glenbucket, I 
hope Barns has concluded a bargain, for I do 
not desire to be consulted about the price. What 
you and he does I will stand to, though Glen- 
bucket be his nephew." "Barns," of course, 
was James Gordon of Barns, son of Patrick 
Gordon of Badinscoth, " one of whose daughters 
married the laird of Knockespock (Gordon), of 
whom is come the present laird of Glenbuicket ; 
another married the Tutor of Glenbucket." 
(Balb. MS., the date of which is approximately 
1725). See also Drum Process, p. 132. 

Sir Alexander must have had further dealings 
about Glenbucket, for I find among the writs 
produced : " Disposition Sir Alexander Cuming 
to Barns of the lands of Glenbucket, dated 15 
November 1723," with a declaration by Barns 
thereanent to be for behoof of George Middleton 
[Ibid, p. 178], and in an account between Sir 
Alexander and Drum, dated 10 November 1724 : 
" A back-bond by James Gordon of Barns and 
declaration of Trust anent the lands of Glen- 
bucket, dated 21 January 1725, obliging him to 
denude in favours of my Lady Cuming and 
children " [Ibid, p. 179]. In an account, dated 
8 September 1721, between Sir Alexander and 
Alexander Thomson of money remitted to Aber- 
deen, occurs : " Per cash to Glenbucket per 
order and receipt, 29 July 1721, £96 0s. 8d." ; 
and in another account, 30 January 1722, is an 
entry, "By £133 8s. Od. Scots paid to Provost 
Stewart as one year's feu-duty of the lands of 
Glenbucket crop, 1721, per discharge, 29 Jan. 
1722, £11 2s. 4d." [Ibid, p. 333.] 


The last notes seem to imply that Glenbucket 
retained some interest, perhaps superiorities, in 
his estate up to about 1721. On the other hand, 
it seems probable that he was forfeited, along 
with many others, in 1716. I do not find his 
name in any list of prisoners, and presume that 
he escaped to the Continent. 

Glenbucket was sold to Lord Braco in 1728. 

The policy of the British Government in deal- 
ing with the Jacobites after defeating them will 
be seen from the following summary. 

In Browne's History of the Highlands, Ap- 
pendix to Vol. II., is given an anonymous letter 
from Mr Duncan Forbes to Sir Robert Walpole, 
from a copy extant in the Lord President's hand- 
writing. This letter is supposed to have been 
written in August 1716. It is signed with 
initials " Y.Z.,'' and marked " Culloden Papers. 
No. lxxxii , p. 61." 

The whole tenor of it is a remonstrance against 
the measures taken by the Government respect- 
ing Scotland, as being " unnecessarily disoblig- 
ing to the King's friends, exasperating the dis- 
affected, and in a particular manner ruinous to 
Scotland." In the course of it he says — "When 
the late Rebellion was happily ended by the 
Pretender's flight, his deluded followers found 
themselves all in chains, or obliged to surrender 
and sue for mercy, or fly their country with 
him." Further on he points out that the proper 
course would have been "to have punished only 
as many as was necessary for terror, and for 
weakening the strength of the rebels for the 
future ; and to extend mercy to as many as it 
could conveniently be indulged to with the 
security of the Government." That in place oi 
a course of this kind the method followed was — 
" 1st, to try all the criminals in England ; 
secondly, to detain in prison all those in custody 
in Scotland, except some who had interest with 
certain great men to obtain a previous pardon, 
to the manifest dishonour of the Government ; 
thirdly, to attaint a vast number of Scots noble- 
men and gentlemen ; fourthly, to put it out of 
His Majesty's power to grant any part of estates 
forfeited ; and, fifthly, to appoint a Commission 
for enquiring and levying the rebels' goods and 
chattels." He next points out the exasperating 
effects of the above course. 

He then refers to the improprieties and in- 
conveniences of the Forfeiture Bill, as it affects 
creditors, adding that it would take too long to 
enter upon them; and further on says, "If this 


forfeiting Bill was gone into when the danger 
was over from any other view than that of 
crushing this poor country, it must have been 
with the hopes of levying money for the public 

He next proceeds to show that " the forfei- 
tures in Scotland will scarce defray the charges 
of the Commission, if the saving clause in favour 
of the creditors take place," mentioning " that 
of all the gentlemen who launched into the late 
Rebellion, the tenth man was not easy in his 
circumstances ; and if you abate a dozen gentle- 
men, the remainder upon paying their debts 
could not produce much money clear." 

Further, he mentions, " It's known that the 
titles by which almost all the estates in Scotland 
are possessed are diligences upon debts affecting 
those estates purchased in the proprietor's own 
name, or in that of some trustees. Now, it's 
certain that when the Commissioners of enquiry 
began to seize such estates, besides the debts 
truly due to real creditors, such a number of 
latent debts will be trumped up, not distinguish- 
able from the true ones by any one else than 
the proprietor, as will make the enquiry fruit- 
less, and the Commission a charge upon the 
Treasury, as well as a nuisance to the nation." 

Hence he argues "that the forfeited estates 
are in themselves inconsiderable ; and that they 
are good for little or nothing to any others ex- 
cept the owners." He deprecates for the sake 
of a trifle stirring up a disaffection in the nation. 

Looking to the terrible effects of the forfeiting 
bill, and admitting the necessity for not letting 
rebellion go unpunished, he advocates only such 
a measure thereof as would be necessary for 
the security of the Government, and to deter 
others from similar attempts, viz., for example: 

1st. Let the most leading, most powerful, and 
most malicious of the rebels be pitched upon 
and executed if in custody, if not their estates 
to be forfeited for ever. 

2ndly. Let an Indemnity, by Act of Parlia- 
ment, be published to all (excepting such as His 
Majesty shall think fit), who shall surrender 
against a certain day and at a certain place, and 
there to have their names recorded. 

3rdly. Let those persons be only entitled to 
pardon and to their estates upon their finding 
bail (1) for good behaviour ; (2) as to not med- 
dling in public business, elections, &c. ; (3) as 
to their presenting themselves once or oftener 
a year at Edinburgh, or when His Majesty 


should think fit, to answer any charge brought 
against them ; and (4) that they should neither 
wear arms, nor converse with one another, nor 
go without their respective counties without 
license under several penalties. 

The letter is a very long one, very interesting, 
and framed in a sensible, moderate spirit. It 
was written, too, after an Act of attainder 
against the Earl of Mar, the Marquis of Tulli- 
bardine, the Earl of Linlithgow, Lord Drum- 
mond, and other leaders had received the Royal 
assent on 17 February preceding ; also another 
Act of Attainder against the Earl Marischal. 
Seaforth, Southesk, and Panmure, and others 
had received the King's sanction on 7th May ; 
and further a bill attainting Mr Forster and 
Brigadier Mackintosh, and another, for more 
effectually securing the peace of the Highlands, 
and a third appointing Commissioners to enquire 
into the estates of those persons who had been 
attainted or convicted, had passed. 

It was this last Act that called forth Duncan 
Forbes's remonstrance, dated September of same 

I think there can be no doubt that Glenbucket 
was one of those attainted or excepted from 
any relief, and that if any offer was made on 
the terms suggested by Duncan Forbes, he would 
not have accepted it. I think it probable that 
Glenbucket remained continuously abroad from 
1716, but his wife and family may have lived at 
Kamdelmore or at St Bridget's, near Tomintoul ; 
and after the lapse of many years he may have 
joined them before 1745. 

He retained all along his designation " of 
Glenbucket." We have seen that in 1738 a 
Major-General's commission was given to him; 
and an account between Sir Alex. Cuming and 
Alex. Thomson, his agent, shows that the latter 
paid Glenbucket in 1721 £96 Os. 8d., presumably 
owing to his having been in some way still laird 
of Glenbucket. The part he took in 1745-6 has 
been already briefly described, and his own 
pathetic letter written from St Ouen in 1747, 
tells all that he went through and suffered in his 
old age. The foot-note to the letter gives the 
date of his death as June 1750. He was the 
last of perhaps the third Gordons of 





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GEORGE GORDON, VIII. of Knockespock. 

Geoege Goedon, VIII. of Knockespock, ac- 
quired that estate by purchase from his kinsman, 
John Gordon of Knockespock, in or about 1705. 
(Knockespock Family Pedigree in possession of 
the present laird.) 

This George Gordon belonged to a different 
branch of the Gordons, being the second son 
of Harry Gordon of Auchlyne, who was the fifth 
son of William Gordon, third laird of Terpersie, 
a cadet of Lesmoir. Harry Gordon acquired 
various lands in the parish of Clatt, and left 
Auchlyne to James, his eldest son ; but George 
apparently got some of said lands, and found 
means to purchase the lands of Knockespock, 
as possessed by John Gordon of Knockespock 
under his service as heir to his father therein in 
January 1705. The blood relationship appears 
to me to have been through the marriage of the 
daughter of Patrick Gordon of Badinscoth (who 
was of the Terpersie family) with a Gordon of 
the Glenbucket family. 

George Gordon, son of Harry of Auchlyne, and 
laird of Knockespock, married twice, viz. : — 

First, Marjory, daughter of Dr Moir of Scots- 
town, by whom he had issue: — 

1. James, afterwards 9th laird of Knockespock, 

who made an entail of the estate. 

2. Margaret, who married James Brebner, in 

Towie of Clatt, whose descendant became 
12th laird under the entail. 

3. Barbara, who married William Grant from 

Strathspey. She died before 1770, and her 
descendant became 13th laird under the 
Secondly, in 1720, Jean, daughter of Patrick 

Leifch of Harthill, by whom he had 3 sons and 1 

daughter, viz. : — 

1. Harry, who became a Colonel in the Royal 

Engineers, and succeeded as 10th laird under 
the entail made by his half-brother, James. 

2. George, married in Jamaica. He and his heir.s 

were excluded from succession under the 

3. Patrick or Peter, who was killed in a duel in 

Grenada, and buried in Clatt. 

4. Jean, died unmarried. The song, " My 

bonnie Jean," composed in her honour. 

George Gordon, son of Harry of Auchlyne, 
seems to have led a very quiet life. His 


marriage to his second wife is said to be recorded 
in local Register. (Dr Davidson's " Inoirie, 
&c," p. 462.) Although a younger son, he 
appears to have had considerable means, with 
which he purchased the estate of Knockespock 
from his kinsman, John Gordon of Glenbucket. 
23 March 1705. (Knockespock Family Pedigree ) 
Probably the lands were pretty heavily burdened. 

There is a legend that the life of this laird 
was saved by the devotion of his second wife, 
Jean Leith, a lady celebrated for her beauty, 
and who belonged to a family noted for their 
high spirit. "When he was laid on a bed of 
sickness, she tended him with the most affec- 
tionate care, till one night, overcome by fatigue, 
she fell asleep beside him, and was awakened 
only to find that the mansion of Knockespock 
was in flames. All the servants had fled, and 
no assistance was near. Losing not a moment 
she carried her suffering husband from the burn- 
ing house, and, laying him in a sheltered spot, 
returned through the flames at the greatest 
danger to herself for plaids and other coverings 
to wrap him from the cold. This affecting in- 
cident forms the subject of a ballad, entitled 
' Knockespock' s Lady,' and a poem by William 
Thom, the weaver poet of Inverurie.'' (Ander 
son's Soott. Nation, Vol. I., p. 321.) 

It is recorded that this laird was buried in 

JAMES GORDON IX. of Knockespock. 

James Gordon, eldest and the only son of his 
father by his first marriage, succeeded to Knock- 
espock as 9th laird. 

He went to the West Indies, no doubt as a 
"Planter," and prospered. He invested money 
both in the West Indies and in Great Britain. 
He is generally described as "of St Kitts." He 
purchased Grenada in 1751, and subsequently 
Moorpark, in Hertfordshire, and also Auchlyne 
(adjoining Knockespock) from his relative, 
James, who had succeeded his grandfather. 
James Gordon of Auchlyne and Newbigging, on 
the death of the latter in 1729 (his own father. 
James, younger of Auchlyne, having predeceased 
his father in 1721). 

James Gordon, the grandfather, was served 
heir special to his father, Henry Gordon of 
Auchlyne, who died May 1707, in Auch- 
lyne, Clatt, Newbigging, Rindriggs, &c, 
Aberdeenshire, 18 Dec. 1713 (Dccenn. Retours) : 


and James Gordon of Auchlyne was served heir 
to his grandfather, James G. of Auchlyne, Heir 
of Provision General, 10 August 1733. 

The first James of Auchlyne was the eldest 
son of Harry G. of Auchlyne, and elder brother 
of George, who acquired Knockespock. James, 
younger of Auchlyne, who predeceased his 
father in 1721, was second son of the latter, and 
his elder brother was Alexander, who is men- 
tioned in one of the " Historical Papers relating 
to the Jacobite Period, 1699-1750," edited by 
Colonel Allardyce, where he lays claim to a 
curious distinction: — 

"Petition by Alexander Gordon, younger of 
Auohlyne, 1715, stating that he had been thryce 
imprisoned by the rebels ; and further that hn 
was the only gentleman of the name of Gordon, 
and of all the county of Aberdeen, who by his 
counsell and example encouraged the people to 
be firm to His Majesty, &c, &c." (Hist. Papers, 
&c, Vol. I., p. 60.) 

James Gordon of St Kitts, later of Knockes- 
pock and other properties, married Mary, 
daughter of Patrick Herron, but had no issue. 
Besides the purchases of lands already men- 
tioned, he acquired the adjoining property of 
Terpersie, forfeited a few years before by 
Charles Gordon of Terpersie (who was executed 
at Carlisle in 1746), being himself the grandson 
of Harry Gordon of Auchlyne, who was the 5th 
son of William Gordon of Terpersie. I have 
understood that this purchase was made from 
the Commissioners on the forfeited estates. 

James of Knockespock, executed an entail of 
that estate, which was in favour of (1) his half- 
brother, Colonel Harry Gordon, Royal Engi- 
neers, and the heirs male of his body ; (2) failing 
such in favour of heirs male of the body of his elder 
full sister, Margaret, who married James Brebner 
of Towie, in Clatt, whose son assumed the name 
of Gordon, and whose great-grandson, James 
Adam Gordon, came into the succession in 
1836, on the failure of heirs male of the body 
of Colonel Harry Gordon, of the Royal Engi- 
neers ; (3) failing heirs male of the bodv of 
Margaret Gordon, the said entail was in favour 
of the heir male of the body of Barbara, the 
entailer's younger full sister, who married 
William Grant from Strathspey, whose son, 
Captain Francis Grant, R.N., assumed the addi- 
tional name of Gordon in 1768. In consequence 
of this, as James Adam Gordon, on his death 


in 1854 left no issue, the succession opened to 
Sir Henry Percy Gordon, Bart., great-grandson 
of Barbara Gordon, Mrs Grant ; and on Sir 
Henry's death without male issue in 1876, (4-) 
another provision applied, and the succession 
opened to an heir female of the body of Colonel 
Harry Gordon, the half-brother of the entailer, 
who was the first heir to succeed to the entailer 
himself. This lady was Hannah Gordon, 
daughter of Harry Gordon of Knockespock, 
R.E., and grand-daughter of Colonel Harry 
Gordon of Knockespock. 

Some provision, however seems to have been 
made either under the entail or by some deed 
for the issue of the entailer's two sisters, 
Margaret and Barbara. 

The following is the service of " James Gordon 
(formerly Brebner), Chief Judge of Grenada, to 
his uncle, James Gordon of Knockespock, who 
died — April 1768, heir portioner of line special 
in Auchlyne, Newbigging, Knockespock, Ter- 
persey, and fishings in the Don, Aberdeenshire," 
7 March 1770 (Decennial Retours). 

Service of Franois Gordon, formerly Grant, 
Commander, R.N., to his uncle, James Gordon 
of Knockespock, who died — April 1768, " Heir 
portioner and of line special in Auchlyne, New- 
bigging, Knockespock, Terpersey, &c, and in 
fishings in the Don, Aberdeenshire," 7 March 
1770 (Decennial Retours). 

James Gordon, formerly of St Kitts, having 
acquired a large estate, now all included under 
the name of Knockespock, and executed an en- 
tail thereof in 1767, died without issue in April 
]768 (see Decenn. Retours above). 


HARRY GORDON, X. of Knockespock. 

Haeet Goedon, eldest son by his second 
marriage of George Gordon of Knockespock and 
Jean Leith, his spouse, succeeded his half- 
brother, under the entail made by the latter, 
as 10th laird in or about 1768. 

He married a lady named Hannah Meredith, 
being an officer in the Royal Engineers, serving 
in America. By her he had 4- sons and 2 
daughters, viz. : — 

1. Peter, b. 1759, drowned in Grenada 1787. 

2. Harry, b. 1761, who succeeded his father as 

laird of Knockespock. 

3. James, b. 1763. A barrister, died unmarried 

in 1831. 

4. Adam, b. . A major-general in the British 

Army, Colonel of the 67th Regiment, died 
in 1815 at Stonehive (Stonehaven). — 

5. Jane, died in infancy. 

6. Hannah, died unmarried in 1827. 

The two following letters refer to this laird, 
when a young man. They are given in " The 
Oulloden Papers": — 

The first is from Sir Andrew Mitchell to the 
Lord President, and is dated Whitehall, 23rd 
October 1745— 

1. " Mr James Gordon, of St Christophers, a 
very particular friend of mine, desires me to 
mention his brother, Harry, to your Lo'p, in 
case there is still room to give him a commis- 
sion in the Independent Companies. He tells 
me he can get men. The young gentleman has 
a good character, and has made a campaign. 
If it does not interfere with yr Lo'p's views, 
the serving this gentleman will much oblige, 
your mo. affecte., Andrew Mitchell. 

" Mr Gordon proposes to send his brother 
to Scotland as soon as he arrives from 

2. Extract from a letter from the Lord Presi- 
dent to Sir A. Mitchell, dated 22 Dec. 1745 : — 

"Dear Sir, — I have had your packet by the 
"Hound" sloop, deliver' d to me by Mr Gordon, 
and I have had since his arrival a letter from 
you and another from his brother, recommend 
ing him to my care. . . . As to Mr Gordon, 
who seems to be a pretty young man, he may 
be sure of my best offices." The Lord President 
then explains that "the arrangements for rais- 


ing Independent Companies and giving commis- 
sions on the nomination of well-affected Chiefs, 
who could raise the men forthwith, prevented 
giving him a Company ; hut he had recommended 
him in the strongest manner to Lord Loudoun, 
whom he would attend in the remainder of this 
ill-flavoured campaign." 

With regard to "the arrangements made for 
raising Independent Companies," &c, it may be 
mentioned that Sir Andrew Mitchell wrote to 
the Lord President from Whitehall on 5 Sept. 
1745, that " it has been thought proper at this 
juncture to raise twenty Independent Com- 
panies in the Highlands, and your Lo'p is the 
person pitched upon to choose the officers." 
(Culloden Papers, No. cclxvi.) 

Also there is a list of officers, captains, lieu- 
tenants, and ensigns (one of each rank to each 
Company) of 18 Companies, with dates of com- 
missions between 23 October 1745 and 2 Feb- 
ruary 174-6 in a letter from Duncan Forbes of 
Culloden to Mr George Ross [probably of Pit- 
calnie], dated Inverness, 13 May 1746 (Culloden 
Papers, No. cccxviii.), which shows that most of 
these commissions must have been granted be 
fore the Lord President wrote in reply to Sir 
Andrew Mitchell. 

The letters given above can refer only to 
Harry Gordon, half-brother of James Gordon of 
St Kilts, and afterwards a Colonel, Royal En- 
gineers, and laird of Knockespock. Whether 
he got a commission in Loudoun's regiment be- 
fore it was reduced in June 1748 or not I cannot 
say ; but it is probable enough that the good 
offices of Sir Andrew Mitchell and the Lord 
President helped him to get into the Royal 
Engineers. No doubt he served his country 
during part of the American War. 

I have found his name as an Engineer, ranking 
as Captain in an Army List, given in Edinburgh 
Almanack for 1767 — pay 10s. per diem; insane 
rank in 1774 ; as a sub-director with rank of 
Major, at 15s. per diem, in an Almanack for 
1782 ; the second senior out of four ; as a 
Colonel Commandant, fourth senior, at 17s. per 
diem, in one for 1785 ; and as third senior in 
ene for 1787. 

His career was cut short suddenly. He was 
drowned, along with his eldest son, Peter, while 
crossing a river in flood in Grenada, soon after 
16th August 1787, 


HARRY GORDON, XI. of Knockespock. 

Harbt Gobdon, 11th laird of Knockespock, 
succeeded his father in 1787. 

He married Ann, daughter of George Carnegie 
of Pitarrow, Kincardineshire, and Charlton, 
Forfarshire, and by her had two children, viz. : 

1. Hannah, who many years after her father's 

death, came into possession of Knockespock 
under the entail mentioned above. 

2. James, who died in infancy. 

This laird like his father, served as an officer 
in the Army, probably in the Hon. East India 
Company's service. 

A Harry Gordon got his first commission in 
the Madras Army, 6 July 1778 ; Lieutenant, 8 
March 1782 ; and resigned in 1788, on acoount 
of ill-health. Harry Gordon as a young man 
served in India, and in the war between the 
British and Hyder Ali in the Carnatic. He was 
taken prisoner when Colonel Baillie was over- 
whelmed and defeated by Tippoo Sahib in 1780, 
and was carried about for a year in a cage, 
along with Lieutenant Baird (afterwards Sir 
David Baird.) It seems probable that this 
Ensign Harry Gordon of 1778 was afterwards 
"Harry G. of Knockespock." 

He had a very long tenure of the family 
estate, from 1787 to 1836 ; and it is probable 
that his succession as laird had something to do 
with his retiring from the Army, as well as his 
ill-health from privations and climate. He made 
extensive additions to the mansion-house, and 
planted a large acreage with forest trees. 

He was survived by his daughter, Hannah, 
who did not succeed to the family estate till 
forty years afterwards. 




James Adam Goedon was the next and 12th 
laird, being a male heir, and the great-grandson 
of Margaret Gordon, elder and full sister of the 
entailer, by her husband, James Brebner of 
Towie, in Clatt. Their son, James Brebner, 
b. 1724, had assumed the additional name of 
Gordon, and was owner of Moor Place, in Hert- 
fordshire. He married Jane [or Ann] Lavington, 
and had a son, James Gordon, and a daughter, 

The James, last mentioned, was of Moor Place, 
and had other property in England. He was 
M.P. successively for Stockbridge, Truro, and 
Clitheroe. He married Harriet, daughter of 
Samuel Whitbread, M.P., in 1789, and had a 
son, James Adam Gordon, who was laird of 
Knockespock 1836-1854, and three daughters — 
Mary, Ann, and Jane. James and his wife, 
Harriet, both died apparently in 1832. 

Mary, the sister of James Gordon of Moor 
Place, married Sir William Abdy in 1777. Her 
daughter, Catherine, married Admiral Sir 
Thomas Fellowes, and was the mother of Captain 
William Abdy Fellowes, afterwards Admiral 
Fellowes, R.N., who married his kinswoman, 
Hannah Gordon, afterwards of Knockespock, 
only daughter of Harry Gordon of Knockespock 
and Ann Carnegie. Hannah became the mother 
of Captain Fellowes-Gordon, the present laird. 

James Adam Gordon was born 16 April 1791, 
and married Emma Katharine, daughter of Vice- 
Admiral Wolley, but he had no issue. He was 
a Magistrate and Deputy-Lieutenant for the 
counties of Somerset, Hertford, and Bedford 
and after his succession to the Knockespock 
estate for Aberdeenshire also. He wa3 for a 
time M.P. for Tregony, one of the small boroughs 
disfranchised under the Reform Bill of 1832, of 
which place he was Recorder. In 1830 he served 
as High Sheriff of Somersetshire. 

The arms borne by Gordons of Knockespock 
varied at different periods. Mention has been 
made of those used in 1632. The arms of 
Gordon of Knockespock are given in Sir James 
Balfour Paul's " Ordinary of Arms," 1st edition, 
as, " Azure a pheon between three boars' heads 
erased or." I have learned that they were sent 
in to be recorded at the Lyon Office about 1672-8. 

The same arms are given without a date for 
Gordon of Cairnfield, who was no doubt of 
Buckie descent ; but the arms of Gordon of 
Buckie are not given there. 

In Robson's Heraldry the arms of Gordon of 
Knockespock are given the same as in the 
"Ordinary of Arms," but no date ; but here there 
is added, " Crest — a stag's head, ppr. attired 
or. Motto — " Dum vigilo tutus." 

Whether James Adam Gordon ever used these 
last or not I cannot say, but I think not. In 
Burke's Landed Gentry, he is said to have borne 
quarterly 1st and 4th azure on a fesse chequey 
arg., and gules between 3 boars' heads a lion 
passant guardant for Gordon, and 2nd and 3rd 
argent, a saltire, azure, on a chief of the last, 3 
boars' heads of the first for Lavington. 

Crests — 1st, a stag's head erased proper attired 
or ; 2nd, a stag at gaze, proper. 

These bearings appear to be in virtue of his 
descent from Gordon of Terpersie, and to be 
correct. Two mottoes are here given — " Non 
frande sed laude," and "Dum vigilo tutus." 

Captain Fellowes Gordon has now at Knock- 
espock an old silver salver, in which is engraved 
a coat of arms, viz. : On a fess chequy between 
three boars' heads a lion passant guardant, and 
crest a stag's head. [These are presumably 
Terpersie arms.] Below the shield the motto, 
"Non frande sed laude." 

In Robson's Heraldry the arms of Gordon of 
Terpersie are gives as, "Azure a lion passant 
guardant argent between three boars' heads 
erased or. Crest, a hart at gaze, ppr. Motto, 
"Non frande sed laude." The same arms are 
given in Sir James Balfour Paul's " Ordinary 
of Arms." 

Any arms I can find of Gordon of Glenbucket 
are quite different. In the " Ordinary of Arms " 
we find them given as, " Azure a saltire be- 
tween three boars' heads erased or, within a 
bordure countercompany of the second and first" ; 
but again there is no date, one cannot tell which 
Glenbucket' s. 

In Robson's Heraldry the arms of Gordon of 
Glenbucket are the same as the above, with 
the exception that the commencement reads, 
" Azure a chevron," instead of Azure a saltire." 
This looks rather like a cadet of Cairnborrow. 
The arms may be those of the earliest Gordons 
of Glenbucket. 

But again the arms of the Gordons of Park 
given in the " Ordinary of Arms " without date 


[but probably about 1672-80], are: " Azure, a 
dexter hand, vambraced, and grasping a sword 
erected in pale argent, hilted and pommelled, 
or, between three boars' heads, couped of the 
third, and langued gules 

The above really affords no assistance 
Further, I cannot find any information relative 
to the arms borne by Gordon of Blelack, from 
whom, I suppose, George Gordon of Noth, an- 
cestor of the second line of Knockespocks, to 
have been descended. 

James Adam Gordon, XII. of Knockespock. 
died on 4th March 1854, without issue. 


of Knockespock. 

Sib Heney Peecy Goedon, Bart, of North- 
court, Isle of Wight, was the next and 13th 
laird of Knockespock. He succeeded under the 
entail, the details of which have been given 
above, being the great-grandson of Barbara 
Gordon by her husband, William Grant. Their 
son, Francis Grant, Captain, R.N., took the 
additional name of Gordon, married, and had 
a son Sir James Willoughby Gordon, Bart., 
G.C.B.. Qr. Mr. -General of the Forces, a dis- 
tinguished officer, who married Julia Bennet, 
daughter of R. H. A. Bennet, Esq. of Becken- 
ham, Kent, and first cousin of the Duke of 
Northumberland, with issue, Sir Henry Percy 
Gordon, Bart. 

Sir Henry married Lady Mary Ashburnham, 
daughter of the 3rd Earl of Ashburnham. He 
left issue a daughter, Mary, who married General 
Disney Leith of Glenkindie, and had issue 2 
sons and 5 daughters. 

He died very suddenly at Blackhall, in Kin- 
cardineshire, in 1876. 

HANNAH GORDON (Mrs Fellowes-Gordon) 
XIV. of Knookespock. 

Hannah Gordon succeeded as 14th proprietor 
of Knockespock, being heiress under the above- 
mentioned entail, as the daughter of Harry 
Gordon, an officer of the Army, the 12th laird, 
who died in 1836, male heirs descended from 
females having been meantime preferred. 

She married Captain (afterwards Admiral) 
Abdy-Fellows, R.N., and had issue: — 

1. Harry Fellowes-Gordon, who succeeded her 

2. Annie, died young. 

3. Blanche, married Colonel Rowan-Hamilton. 

4. Arthur, married Beatrice, daughter of John 

Green, Esq., 4-6, Princes Gate, London, S.W. 

Mrs Fellowes resumed the name of Gordon, 
after that of Fellowes, on her succession to the 

She died in 1897. 



Harry Gordon Fellowes-Gordon succeeded 
his mother as 15th laird of Knockespock. 

He married, in 1882, Millicent, daughter of 
Fitzgerald Blood of Ballykilty, Co. Clare, J.P., 
and had issue : — 

1 Harry, b. 1881. 

2. Marjory, b. 1886. 

3. Douglas Arthur, b , died young. 

4. Gladys, b. 1892. 

5. Charles, b. 1896. 

This laird served some years in the 76th, or 
2nd Battalion of the Duke of Wellington's (West 
Riding) Regiment, and subsequently as a 
Captain in the 3rd Battalion of the Gordon 

During his mother's time he took a large share 
in the management and improvement of the 
estate, including a very considerable addition 
to the mansion-house, where he resides during 
a great part of every year.